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U+54C6, 哆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C6

[U+54C5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C7]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口弓戈弓 (RNIN), four-corner 67027, composition)

  1. tremble, shiver, shudder, quiver

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 189, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3590
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 620, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+54C6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔl'aːl
*ʔl'aːlʔ, *ʔl'aːls, *ʔr'aːls, *hr'aːl, *l̥ʰjaːlʔ, *l̥ʰjalʔ, *l̥ʰjɯs
*ʔl'aːls, *ʔl'aːds
*ʔl'aːls, *l̥ʰaːl, *l̥ʰaːn
*daːʔ, *tjaː
*l'aːlʔ, *l'alʔ
*naːlʔ
*naːlʔ, *l̥ʰjalʔ, *lal
*ʔr'aːl, *ʔr'aːls
*ɦljeːl, *lal
*ʔleːl, *ʔlil
*sʰlo, *l'al
*l'al, *l̥ʰjalʔ
*l'al, *lal
*ʔljjal, *l̥ʰjal
*ʔljalʔ, *l̥ʰjalʔ, *ɦljalʔ
*l̥ʰjalʔ
*l̥ʰjalʔ, *ɦljal, *ɦljalʔ
*l̥ʰjalʔ, *lal
*l̥ʰjalʔ
*l̥ʰjalʔ
*l̥ʰjals, *hljals
*ŋral
*ŋrals
*ŋrals
*lal
*lal
*lal
*lal, *lalʔ
*lal
*lal
*ɢljad

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Middle Chinese: /ʈʰˠa/, /t͡ɕʰiᴇX/, /tɑX/, /t͡ɕʰiaX/, /t͡ɕʰɨH/, /tɑH/, /ʈˠaH/
Rime
Character
Reading # 1/7 2/7 3/7 4/7 5/7 6/7 7/7
Initial () (10) (24) (5) (24) (24) (5) (9)
Final () (98) (11) (94) (100) (19) (94) (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Rising (X) Rising (X) Departing (H) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open Open Open Open
Division () II III I III III I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰˠa/ /t͡ɕʰiᴇX/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰiaX/ /t͡ɕʰɨH/ /tɑH/ /ʈˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰᵚa/ /t͡ɕʰiɛX/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰiaX/ /t͡ɕʰɨH/ /tɑH/ /ʈᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰa/ /t͡ɕʰjɛX/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰiaX/ /t͡ɕʰieH/ /tɑH/ /ȶaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰaɨ/ /cʰiə̆X/ /taX/ /cʰiaX/ /cʰɨH/ /taH/ /ʈaɨH/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰa/ /t͡ɕʰieX/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰiaX/ /t͡ɕʰiəH/ /tɑH/ /ȶaH/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰa/ /t͡ɕʰǐeX/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰĭaX/ /t͡ɕʰĭəH/ /tɑH/ /ȶaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰa/ /t͡ɕʰie̯X/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰi̯aX/ /t͡ɕʰiH/ /tɑH/ /ȶaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chā chǐ duǒ chě chì duò zhà
  • Old Chinese
    (Baxter-Sagart): /*[t-l̥]Ajʔ/, /*[t-l̥]ajʔ/
    (Zhengzhang): /*ʔl'aːlʔ/, /*ʔl'aːls/, /*ʔr'aːls/, /*hr'aːl/, /*l̥ʰjaːlʔ/, /*l̥ʰjalʔ/, /*l̥ʰjɯs/
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǐ chǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhæX › ‹ tsyheX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t-l̥]Ajʔ/ /*[t-l̥]ajʔ/
English large large

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/7 2/7 3/7 4/7 5/7 6/7 7/7
No. 2638 2641 2648 2650 2652 2671 2692
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1 1 1 1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔl'aːlʔ/ /*ʔl'aːls/ /*ʔr'aːls/ /*hr'aːl/ /*l̥ʰjaːlʔ/ /*l̥ʰjalʔ/ /*l̥ʰjɯs/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chi, cha) (hangeul , , revised chi, cha, McCune-Reischauer ch'i, ch'a, Yale chi, cha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.