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U+54C6, 哆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C6

[U+54C5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C7]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口弓戈弓 (RNIN), four-corner 67027, composition)

  1. tremble, shiver, shudder, quiver

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 189, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3590
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 620, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+54C6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Sound of hitting: tattoo
  2. (dialectal) to purse (one's lips)

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/7 2/7 3/7 4/7
Initial () (10) (24) (5) (24)
Final () (98) (11) (94) (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () II III I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰˠa/ /t͡ɕʰiᴇX/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰiaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰᵚa/ /t͡ɕʰiɛX/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰiaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰa/ /t͡ɕʰjɛX/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰiaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰaɨ/ /cʰiə̆X/ /taX/ /cʰiaX/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰa/ /t͡ɕʰieX/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰiaX/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰa/ /t͡ɕʰǐeX/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰĭaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰa/ /t͡ɕʰie̯X/ /tɑX/ /t͡ɕʰi̯aX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chā chǐ duǒ chě
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǐ chǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhæX › ‹ tsyheX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t-l̥]Ajʔ/ /*[t-l̥]ajʔ/
English large large

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/7 4/7 5/7 6/7
No. 2638 2650 2652 2671
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔl'aːlʔ/ /*hr'aːl/ /*l̥ʰjaːlʔ/ /*l̥ʰjalʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) opening one's mouth

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 7/7
Initial () (9)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈaɨH/
Li
Rong
/ȶaH/
Wang
Li
/ȶaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhà
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/7
No. 2648
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔr'aːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 哚㕦 (“with a big mouth”).

Pronunciation 4[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 5/7
Initial () (24)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰɨH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiəH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chì
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 7/7
No. 2692
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰjɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. a kind of sound

Pronunciation 5[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 6/7
Initial () (5)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/taH/
Li
Rong
/tɑH/
Wang
Li
/tɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
duò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/7
No. 2641
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔl'aːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A particle.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. quiver, shiver, shudder, tremble

Readings[edit]

(Can we verify(+) this pronunciation?)

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Used in the Nihon Shoki (720 C.E.) as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨ta⟩.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chi, cha) (hangeul , , revised chi, cha, McCune–Reischauer ch'i, ch'a, Yale chi, cha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.