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U+5FD7, 志
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FD7

[U+5FD6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FD8]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
志-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土心 (GP), four-corner 40331, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 376, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10331
  • Dae Jaweon: page 703, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2269, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5FD7

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tjɯ
*tjɯ
*tjɯs
*tjɯs
*tjɯs
*tjɯs
*tʰjɯ
*tʰjɯ
*tʰjɯ
*tʰjɯ
*djɯ
*diʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯs): phonetic (OC *tjɯ) + semantic .

Note that the top has been simplified and is now graphically .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

From (OC *tjɯ, “to go; to proceed”) + endopassive suffix *-s, literally “what is being proceeded to” (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhì
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyiH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tə-s/
English goal, intention, aspiration

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17190
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjɯs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. will; determination; aspiration; ambition
  2. annals; records
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. purpose, will, determination, aspiration, ambition

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Trivia[edit]

This is one of only three everyday kanji with a 5 morae reading, and one of only two nouns, namely (こころざし, kokorozashi) (nominalization of form of verb 志す(こころざす, kokorozasu), which has a four-mora reading). The only other kanji with five-mora readings are , in the verb 承る((うけたまわ)る, uketamawa-ru), and (みことのり, mikotonori). No kanji in common use has a six- or more mora reading.

The unusually long reading is due to two factors: 志 is a nominalization of the verb 志す which has a long reading (4 morae, kokoroza-su), which itself is a noun-verb compound, 心指す kokoro-za(su). The nominalization removing the okurigana, hence increasing the reading by one morae, yielding 4+1=5, or more finely 3+(1+1)=5 (compare common (はなし, hanashi) 2+1=3, from 話す(はなす, hana-su)).


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune-Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.