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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
志-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjɯs): phonetic  ‎(OC *kjɯʔ) + semantic .

Note that the top has been simplified and is now graphically 士 (the left vertical mark has migrated up the main vertical, becoming horizontal). This simplified form is found in seal characters, where it coexisted with forms where the top was more recognizably 止.

Also Simplified from (elimination of ).

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土心 (GP), four-corner 40331, composition)

  1. purpose, will, determination, aspiration, ambition
  2. annals

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 376, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10331
  • Dae Jaweon: page 703, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2269, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5FD7

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (23)
Final: (19)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕɨH/ /t͡ɕɨH/ /t͡ɕieH/ /cɨH/ /t͡ɕiəH/ /t͡ɕĭəH/ /t͡ɕiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhì ‹ tsyiH › /*tə-s/ goal, intention, aspiration

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17190 0 /*tjɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. purpose, will, determination, aspiration, ambition

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Trivia[edit]

This is one of only three everyday kanji with a 5 morae reading, and one of only two nouns, namely ‎(こころざし, kokorozashi) (nominalization of form of verb 志す ‎(こころざす, kokorozasu), which has a 4 morae reading). The only other kanji with a 5 morae reading are , in the verb 承る ‎((うけたまわ)る, uketamawa-ru), and ‎(みことのり, mikotonori), and no everyday kanji have a 6 or more morae reading.

The unusually long reading is due to two factors: 志 is a nominalization of the verb 志す which has a long reading (4 morae, kokoroza-su), which itself is a noun-verb compound, 心指す kokoro-za(su). The nominalization removing the okurigana, hence increasing the reading by one morae, yielding 4+1=5, or more finely 3+(1+1)=5 (compare common ‎(はなし, hanashi) 2+1=3, from 話す ‎(はなす, hana-su)).


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune-Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.