意志

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Chinese[edit]

 
idea; meaning; wish
idea; meaning; wish; desire; Italy (abbrev.)
the will
simp. and trad.
(意志)
alternative forms 毅志
anagram 志意

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (34) (23)
Final () (19) (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter 'iH tsyiH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨH/ /t͡ɕɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨH/ /t͡ɕɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔieH/ /t͡ɕieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨH/ /cɨH/
Li
Rong
/ʔiəH/ /t͡ɕiəH/
Wang
Li
/ĭəH/ /t͡ɕĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔiH/ /t͡ɕiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhì
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ji3 zi3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhì
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔiH › ‹ tsyiH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)ək-s/ /*tə-s/
English thought (n.) goal, intention, aspiration

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 15153 17190
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯɡs/ /*tjɯs/
Notes

Noun[edit]

意志

  1. will; determination; volition; intent
    堅強意志坚强意志  ―  jiānqiáng yìzhì  ―  strong will
    政府意志  ―  zhèngfǔ yìzhì  ―  government will

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (意志):
  • Japanese: 意志(いし) (ishi)
  • Korean: 의지(意志) (uiji)
  • Vietnamese: ý chí (意志)

See also[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3

Grade: 5
on’yomi
 意志 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Coined by Japanese politician (1829-1897) Nishi Amane as a translation of English will,[1] and became established by being included in the 哲学字彙 (Tetsugaku Jii, Dictionary of Philosophy) by Inoue Tetsujirō.[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()() (ishi

  1. will (intention or decision)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 意志”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  3. ^ Inoue, Tetsujirō (1881), “哲学字彙”, in National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics[2], University of Tokyo, page 99
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

意志 (uiji) (hangeul 의지)

  1. Hanja form? of 의지 (determination).

Vietnamese[edit]

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun[edit]

意志

  1. chữ Hán form of ý chí (willpower).