いし

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See also: いじ

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compound of (i, emphatic marker) and (shi, originally -si, emphatic marker). As -i was archaic even in Old Japanese, -si was attached to supplement it.

Particle[edit]

いし (rōmaji ishi)

  1. emphatic nominative case marker
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 4, poem 537)
      事清 甚毛莫言 一日太尓 君伊之哭者 痛寸敢物
    • 797: Shoku Nihongi (edict #13)
      是以王多知大臣子等治賜伊自天皇朝仕奉婆婆仕奉爾波可在
    • 797: Shoku Nihongi (edict #13)
      故是以子心成伊自爾波可在
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese. According to one theory, may be related to the Korean (dol, stone) and Turkish taş (stone).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

いし (rōmaji ishi)

  1. : stone

Etymology 3[edit]

The reading of various kanji terms.

Noun[edit]

いし (rōmaji ishi)

  1. 医師: doctor
  2. 意志: will, volition
  3. 意思: intention

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Okinawan[edit]

Noun[edit]

いし (isi)

  1. stone