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See also: Empress


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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English emperice, emperesse, from Anglo-Norman and Old French empereriz, from Latin imperatrix, equivalent to emperor +‎ -ess. Doublet of imperatrix. Compare modern French impératrice.

Alternative forms[edit]


  • IPA(key): /ˈɛmpɹəs/
  • (file)


empress (plural empresses)

  1. The female monarch (ruler) of an empire.
  2. The wife or widow of an emperor or equated ruler.
    • 2008, Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe: Society in Transformation[1], page 211:
      Empress, imperial regent, and even emperor herself (r. 797–802), Irene was an important and powerful figure at the Byzantine court in the late eighth and early ninth century.
  3. (tarot) The third trump or major arcana card of most tarot decks.
  4. (rare) A female chimpanzee.
  5. A deciduous tree, Paulownia tomentosa
Derived terms[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English empresse, from Anglo-Norman enpresser (to press, to imprint), from Old French empresser. Attested from the 15th or late 14th century.[1]



empress (third-person singular simple present empresses, present participle empressing, simple past and past participle empressed)

  1. Rare form of impress.


  1. ^ empress, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2014.