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See also:
U+6065, 恥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6065

[U+6064]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6066]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 尸十心 (SJP), four-corner 13100, composition)

  1. shame, humiliation
  2. ashamed

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 385, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10585
  • Dae Jaweon: page 716, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2290, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6065

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nɯːs, *njɯs
*miː
*mniʔ
*mniʔ
*mniʔ
*njis, *njoŋ
*nɯʔ
*n̥ʰɯʔ
*njɯ, *njɯs
*njɯ, *njɯs
*njɯʔ
*njɯʔ, *njɯs
*njɯʔ
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs, *rnɯːɡ

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵⁵/
Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹²/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Xiang Changsha /tʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰï³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰi³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰi³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰi³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰi⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si²¹³/
/sun²¹³/ 訓蠢

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (10)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰɨX/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiəX/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chǐ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥rəʔ/
English shame; ashamed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2780
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ʰɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. shame
  2. embarrassment

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
はじ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はじ, rōmaji haji, historical hiragana はぢ)

  1. shame

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chi) (hangeul , revised chi, McCune-Reischauer ch'i, Yale chi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xỉ, sỉ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.