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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 尸十心 (SJP), four-corner 13100, composition)

  1. shame, humiliation
  2. ashamed

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 385, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10585
  • Dae Jaweon: page 716, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2290, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6065

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (恥), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 徹 (10)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 敕里切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈʰɨX/ /ȶʰiX/ /ȶʰiəX/ /ʈʰɨX/ /ʈʰɨX/ /ȶʰĭəX/ /ȶʰieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chǐ ‹ trhiX › /*n̥ rəʔ/ shame; ashamed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2780 0 /*n̥ʰɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
はじ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はじ, romaji haji, historical hiragana はぢ)

  1. shame

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chi) (hangeul , revised chi, McCune-Reischauer ch'i, Yale chi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xỉ, sỉ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.