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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a bird. Compare (bird), of similar development.

Sense “black, dark” generalized from crow – “black as a crow”. Compare , from “black as ink”.

Han character[edit]

A black crow

(radical 86 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹口卜火 (HRYF), four-corner 27327)

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 670, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18998
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1079, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2202, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+70CF

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (烏), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 哀都切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔuo/ /ʔuo/ /ʔo/ /ʔuo/ /ʔɔ/ /u/ /ʔo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔu › /*[ʔ]ˤa/ oh!
‹ ʔu › /*qˤa/ crow, raven; black
‹ ʔu › /*ʔˤa/ 烏桓, 烏丸 Wūhuán: Avars (W. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13077 0 /*qaː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. crow, rook, raven
  2. black, dark

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

烏 (karasu)

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana からす, katakana カラス, romaji karasu)

  1. a crow; a raven

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(o) (hangeul , revised o, McCune-Reischauer o, Yale o)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ô, o, dặng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.