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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a bird. Compare ‎(bird), of similar development.

Sense “black, dark” generalized from crow – “black as a crow”. Compare , from “black as ink”.

Han character[edit]

A black crow

(radical 86 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹口卜火 (HRYF), four-corner 27327)

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 670, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18998
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1079, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2202, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+70CF

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “The term 烏有 uses to mean not, none. This seems to be a phonetic use of the character in Middle Chinese (or older?) as part of a series of interrogatives that all started with /ʔ-/, including Middle Chinese , , and . Is this the case, or just a coincidence of form and function? Do these interrogatives have any cognates in Tibetan or other Sino-Tibetan languages?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (烏), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 哀都切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔuo/ /ʔuo/ /ʔo/ /ʔuo/ /ʔɔ/ /u/ /ʔo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔu › /*[ʔ]ˤa/ oh!
‹ ʔu › /*qˤa/ crow, raven; black
‹ ʔu › /*ʔˤa/ 烏桓, 烏丸 Wūhuán: Avars (W. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13077 0 /*qaː/

Noun[edit]

  1. crow, raven, rook

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. black, dark

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(karasu): a crow, a raven.
Kanji in this term
からす
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Compound of から ‎(kara, caw, onomatopoeia) +‎ ‎(su, bird?, ancient suffix appearing in certain bird names).[1] Compare the ‎(su) in ‎(uguisu), 杜鵑 ‎(hototogisu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana からす, katakana カラス, romaji karasu)

  1. a crow; a raven
Usage notes[edit]

This is the most common reading for this character when used in isolation in modern Japanese.

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as カラス.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(o) (hangeul , revised o, McCune-Reischauer o, Yale o)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ô, o, dặng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.