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U+C624, 오
HANGUL SYLLABLE O
Composition: +

[U+C623]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C625]




예 ←→ 와
See also: -오 and -오-

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Korean numbers (edit)
50
 ←  4 5 6  → [a], [b]
    Native isol.: 다섯 (daseot)
    Native attr.: 다섯 (daseot), (archaic) (dat)
    Sino-Korean: (o)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 다섯째 (daseotjjae)

Sino-Korean word from (five), from the Middle Korean reading 오〯 (Yale: ), from Middle Chinese (MC ŋuoX).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [o̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?o
Revised Romanization (translit.)?o
McCune–Reischauer?o
Yale Romanization?ō

Numeral[edit]

(o) (hanja )

  1. (Sino-Korean numeral) five
Usage notes[edit]

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세 (hana-man deo juse-yo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ir-eun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Imitative. Compare English oh.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [o̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?o
Revised Romanization (translit.)?o
McCune–Reischauer?o
Yale Romanization?ō

Interjection[edit]

(o)

  1. wow, whoa; used for a pleasant surprise, especially regarding something the listener has done or said.
    , 좋다.O, jota.Whoa, nice.
    , 기발한 생각이다.O, gibal-han saenggag-ida.Whoa, that's a brilliant idea.

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (troop of five soldiers).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [o̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?o
Revised Romanization (translit.)?o
McCune–Reischauer?o
Yale Romanization?ō

Noun[edit]

(o) (hanja )

  1. (military) rank of troops (row of soldiers side by side)
    Coordinate term: 열(列) (yeol, file)
Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms with native elements:

Etymology 4[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (Wu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?O
Revised Romanization (translit.)?O
McCune–Reischauer?O
Yale Romanization?o

Proper noun[edit]

(O) (hanja )

  1. [~나라] Wu, name of various Chinese kingdoms in the lower Yangzi region
  2. a common surname from Chinese

Etymology 5[edit]

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(o)

Extended content
  1. : Wu kingdom
    (eumhun reading: 나라 이름 (nara ireum o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuo))
  2. : five
    (eumhun reading: 다섯 (daseot o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoX))
  3. : dirty
    (eumhun reading: 더러울 (deoreoul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuo))
  4. : daytime
    (eumhun reading: (nat o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoX))
  5. : to err
    (eumhun reading: 그릇할 (geureut-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoH))
  6. : parasol tree
    (eumhun reading: 오동나무 (odongnamu o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuo))
  7. : Enlightenment
    (eumhun reading: 깨달음 (kkaedareum o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoH))
  8. : to rejoice
    (eumhun reading: 즐거워할 (jeulgeowo-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo, ŋuoH))
  9. : crow
    (eumhun reading: 까마귀 (kkamagwi o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuo))
  10. : five people
    (eumhun reading: 다섯 사람 (daseot saram o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoX))
  11. : bright
    (eumhun reading: 밝을 (balgeul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoX))
  12. : deep
    (eumhun reading: 깊을 (gipeul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑuH))
  13. : turtle
    (eumhun reading: 자라 (jara o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))
  14. : to meet
    (eumhun reading: 만날 (mannal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoH))
  15. : arrogant
    (eumhun reading: 거만할 (geoman-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑuH))
  16. : to lament
    (eumhun reading: 탄식할 (tansik-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuo))
  17. : riverside
    (eumhun reading: 물가 (mulga o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑuH))
  18. : I; me
    (eumhun reading: (na o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuo, ŋˠa))
  19. : centipede
    (eumhun reading: 지네 (jine o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuo))
  20. : to awake
    (eumhun reading: (jam kkael o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoH))
  21. : dog
    (eumhun reading: (gae o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))
  22. : to hate
    (eumhun reading: 미워할 (miwo-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuoH))
  23. : to meet
    (eumhun reading: 맞이할 (maji-hal o))
    (MC reading: )
  24. : embankment
    (eumhun reading: (duk o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuoX))
  25. : to resent
    (eumhun reading: 한할 (han-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑuX))
  26. : arrogant
    (eumhun reading: 거말할 (geomal-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))
  27. : deep
    (eumhun reading: 깊을 (gipeul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑuH))
  28. : to stir-fry
    (eumhun reading: 볶을 (bokkeul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))
  29. : hamper
    (eumhun reading: 버들고리 (beodeulgori o))
    (MC reading: )
  30. : Alternative form of
    (eumhun reading: 자라 (jara o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))
  31. : pair
    (eumhun reading: (jjak o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoX))
  32. : sound of reading
    (eumhun reading: 읽는 소리 (geul ingneun sori o))
    (MC reading: )
  33. : clamor
    (eumhun reading: 시끄러울 (sikkeureoul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))