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U+71AC, 熬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-71AC

[U+71AB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+71AD]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 土大火 (GKF) or 手大火 (QKF) or X手大火 (XQKF), four-corner 58334, composition)

  1. cook down, to boil
  2. endure; to stay awake

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 680, character 41
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19352
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1092, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2226, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+71AC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
熬-bronze.svg 熬-bigseal.svg 熬-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːw, *qaːw
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw, *ŋraːw, *ŋrɯw
*ŋaːw, *ŋaːws
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw, *ŋaːws
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw, *ŋaːws, *ŋraːw
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw
*ŋaːw, *ŋaːws
*ŋaːw, *ŋaːws
*ŋaːws
*ŋraːw

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ngâu - vernacular;
  • gô/gô͘ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaw/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑu/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
áo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
áo
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngaw ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋˤaw/
English fry, roast (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 38 57
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
𤏶
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːw/ /*qaːw/
Notes 𤏶

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(o) (hangeul , revised o, McCune-Reischauer o, Yale o)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.