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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  – a liquid, like water.

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水卜人大 (EYOK), four-corner 30147, composition)

  1. sap, juice, liquid, fluid

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 628, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17586
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1029, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1658, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6DB2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (36)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiᴇk̚/ /i̯ɛk̚/ /iɛk̚/ /jiɛk̚/ /jiajk̚/ /jĭɛk̚/ /iæk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yek › /*ɢrAk/ fluid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15003 0 /*laːɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. liquid, fluid
    /   ―    ―  bodily fluid

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. liquid

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
えき
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(yek, liquid).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana えき, romaji eki)

  1. liquid

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(aek) (hangeul , revised aek, McCune-Reischauer aek, Yale ayk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dịch, giá)

  1. sap, juice, liquid, fluid