읽다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 닑다〮 (Yale: nìlk-tá).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proscriptive pronunciation
  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ik̚t͈a̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ikda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ilgda
McCune–Reischauer?ikta
Yale Romanization?ilkta
Usual contemporary pronunciation
  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈi(ː)ɭt͈a̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ilda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ilda
McCune–Reischauer?ilta
Yale Romanization?īlqta

Verb[edit]

Korean verb set
Base 읽다 (ikda)
Causative읽히다 (ilkida)
Passive읽히다 (ilkida)

읽다 (ikda) (infinitive 읽어, sequential 읽으니)

  1. (transitive) to read

Usage notes[edit]

In the proscriptive standard, the cluster (lg) in verb stems is realized as (-l) only before (g-), and as (-k) before other consonants:

  • ikdato read
  • 고있다ilgoitdato be reading

In practice, almost all speakers pronounce it as (-l) before all consonants.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]