awake

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English awaken, from Old English awacan, from a- (intensive prefix) + wacan (wake). Compare Saterland Frisian Saterland Frisian woak (awake), German Low German German Low German waak (awake), German wach (awake).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

awake (comparative more awake, superlative most awake) (predicative only)

  1. Not asleep; conscious.
    Synonyms: conscious, lucid, wide awake
    Synonyms: asleep, unconscious
  2. (by extension) Alert, aware.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

awake (third-person singular simple present awakes, present participle awaking, simple past awoke or (rare) awaked, past participle awoken or (rare) awaked or (rare) awoke or (rare) awaken)

  1. (intransitive) To become conscious after having slept.
    Synonyms: awaken, wake up
    Antonyms: fall asleep
    • Salvador Dalí (1904-1989):
      Each morning when I awake, I experience again a supreme pleasure - that of being Salvador Dali.
  2. (transitive) To cause (somebody) to stop sleeping.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter primum, in Le Morte Darthur, book XVII:
      Thenne she called the heremyte syre Vlfyn I am a gentylwoman that wold speke with the knyght whiche is with yow / Thenne the good man awaked Galahad / & badde hym aryse and speke with a gentylwoman that semeth hath grete nede of yow / Thenne Galahad wente to her & asked her what she wold
    • 1665 Robert Hooke, Micrographia
      [This ant] I ſuffered to lye above an hour in the Spirit; and after I had taken it out, and put its body and legs into a natural poſture, remained moveleſs about an hour; but then , upon a ſudden, as if it had been awaken out of a drunken ſleep, it ſuddenly reviv'd and ran away...
  3. (transitive) to excite or to stir up something latent.
  4. (transitive, figuratively) To rouse from a state of inaction or dormancy.
  5. (intransitive, figuratively) To come out of a state of inaction or dormancy.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]