deștepta

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Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally considered to be from Vulgar Latin de-excitāre, from Latin de- + excitāre (wake up), but is more likely from Latin dispectāre, present active infinitive of dispectō (frequentative of dispiciō (look, discern, perceive, discover) through its past participle dispectus). It is also possibly, but less likely, originally from dēspectāre, present active infinitive of dēspectō (itself a frequentative of dēspiciō through its past participle dēspectus, but this word seems to have taken on the meaning of "look down upon, disdain" in the Western Romance language derivatives, which doesn't match with the Romanian meaning; it may be that the other languages derived their meanings directly from dēspiciō through its past participle instead of going through dēspectō). In Romanian, the hypothetical original form, *dișpepta, probably reached its current form under the analogous influence of aștepta. Compare Aromanian dishteptu, dishtiptari. [1] Confer also Tarantino (dialect of Neapolitan) descetare (to wake up), which may instead derive from Latin oscitāre.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

a deștepta (third-person singular present deșteaptă, past participle deșteptat1st conj.

  1. (transitive) to awaken, to wake up, to arouse
  2. (reflexive, with accusative) to become wise, to wake up

Conjugation[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ deștepta in DEX online - Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language), 2004-2017