excito

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See also: excitó

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

excito

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of excitar

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The frequentive form of exciere (call out, arouse, excite), from ex- (out; forth) +‎ ciere (call, summon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

excitō (present infinitive excitāre, perfect active excitāvī, supine excitātum); first conjugation

  1. (transitive) I call forth: I rouse, awaken, summon
    • Quintus Curtius Rufus, Historiae Alexandri Magni, Book VI
      Parva saepe scintilla contempta magnum excitavit incendium.
      A small spark neglected has often roused to a great inferno.
  2. (transitive) I bring forth: I raise, build
  3. (transitive, figuratively) I bring out: I encourage, revive, excite, stimulate, set in motion
  4. (transitive, figuratively) I call upon: I cite

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of excito (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excitō excitās excitat excitāmus excitātis excitant
imperfect excitābam excitābās excitābat excitābāmus excitābātis excitābant
future excitābō excitābis excitābit excitābimus excitābitis excitābunt
perfect excitāvī excitāvistī, excitāsti1 excitāvit excitāvimus excitāvistis, excitāstis1 excitāvērunt, excitāvēre
pluperfect excitāveram excitāverās excitāverat excitāverāmus excitāverātis excitāverant
future perfect excitāverō excitāveris excitāverit excitāverimus excitāveritis excitāverint
passive present excitor excitāris, excitāre excitātur excitāmur excitāminī excitantur
imperfect excitābar excitābāris, excitābāre excitābātur excitābāmur excitābāminī excitābantur
future excitābor excitāberis, excitābere excitābitur excitābimur excitābiminī excitābuntur
perfect excitātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect excitātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect excitātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excitem excitēs excitet excitēmus excitētis excitent
imperfect excitārem excitārēs excitāret excitārēmus excitārētis excitārent
perfect excitāverim excitāverīs excitāverit excitāverīmus excitāverītis excitāverint
pluperfect excitāvissem, excitāssem1 excitāvissēs, excitāsses1 excitāvisset, excitāsset1 excitāvissēmus, excitāssemus1 excitāvissētis, excitāssetis1 excitāvissent, excitāssent1
passive present exciter excitēris, excitēre excitētur excitēmur excitēminī excitentur
imperfect excitārer excitārēris, excitārēre excitārētur excitārēmur excitārēminī excitārentur
perfect excitātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect excitātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excitā excitāte
future excitātō excitātō excitātōte excitantō
passive present excitāre excitāminī
future excitātor excitātor excitantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives excitāre excitāvisse, excitāsse1 excitātūrus esse excitārī excitātus esse excitātum īrī
participles excitāns excitātūrus excitātus excitandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
excitāre excitandī excitandō excitandum excitātum excitātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • excito in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • excito in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • excito” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make up, stir up a fire: ignem excitare (pro Mur. 25. 51)
    • to rouse, wake some one: (e) somno excitare, dormientem excitare
    • to elicit loud applause: clamores (coronae) facere, excitare
    • to excite emotion: motus excitare in animo (opp. sedare, exstinguere)
    • to put a man in a pleasurable frame of mind: animum alicuius ad laetitiam excitare
    • to inspire the spiritless and prostrate with new vigour: excitare animum iacentem et afflictum (opp. frangere animum)
    • to awaken new hope in some one: ad spem aliquem excitare, erigere
    • to rouse a person's suspicions: suspicionem movere, excitare, inicere, dare alicui
    • to rouse in some one an enthusiasm for virtue: excitare aliquem ad virtutem
    • to arouse some one's lust: libidinem alicuius excitare
    • to summon some one from the dead: aliquem ab inferis or a mortuis evocare, excitare (passive ab inferis exsistere)
    • to build a tower: turrim excitare, erigere, facere
    • to cause a war: bellum facere, movere, excitare
    • to incite to valour: ad virtutem excitare, cohortari (or simply adhortari, cohortari)
  • excito in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

excito

  1. First-person singular (eu) present indicative of excitar

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

excito

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of excitar.