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Figurative meaning "to stir up, provoke to activity" is from 1580s; that of "awaken" is first recorded 1590s.
- rouze (obsolete)
rouse (plural rouses)
- An arousal.
- (military, Britain and Canada) The sounding of a bugle in the morning after reveille, to signal that soldiers are to rise from bed, often the rouse.
- To wake (someone) or be awoken from sleep, or from apathy.
- c. 1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene ii]:
- Good things of day begin to droop and drowse;
Night’s black agents to their preys do rouse.
- 1687, Francis Atterbury, An Answer to Some Considerations on the Spirit of Martin Luther, Oxford, pp. 41-42,
- As for the heat, with which he treated his other adversaries, ’twas sometimes strain’d a little too far, but in the general was extremely well fitted by the Providence of God to rowse up a people, the most phlegmatic of any in Christendome.
- 1713, Alexander Pope, Ode for Musick, London: Bernard Lintott, stanza 2, p. 3,
- At Musick, Melancholy lifts her Head;
- Dull Morpheus rowzes from his Bed;
- 1979, Bernard Malamud, Dubin’s Lives, New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, Chapter Eight, p. 284,
- Dubin slept through the ringing alarm, aware of Kitty trying to rouse him and then letting him sleep.
- To cause, stir up, excite (a feeling, thought, etc.).
- to rouse the faculties, passions, or emotions
- 1719, [Daniel Defoe], The Farther Adventures of Robinson Crusoe; […], London: […] W[illiam] Taylor […], OCLC 613471018, page 127:
- […] their first Step in Dangers, after the common Efforts are over, was always to despair, lie down under it, and die, without rousing their Thoughts up to proper Remedies for Escape.
- 1848, Anne Brontë, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, London: John Murray, 1900, Chapter 27,
- ‘You may think it all very fine, Mr. Huntingdon, to amuse yourself with rousing my jealousy; but take care you don’t rouse my hate instead. And when you have once extinguished my love, you will find it no easy matter to kindle it again.’
- 1961, V. S. Naipaul, A House for Mr Biswas, Penguin, 1992, Part Two, Chapter 5, p. 494,
- […] he had grown to look upon houses as things that concerned other people, like churches, butchers’ stalls, cricket matches and football matches. They had ceased to rouse ambition or misery. He had lost the vision of the house.
- To provoke (someone) to action or anger.
- 1667, John Milton, “Book II”, in Paradise Lost. […], London: […] [Samuel Simmons], […], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554, line 284-287:
- He scarce had finisht, when such murmur filld
Th’ Assembly, as when hollow Rocks retain
The sound of blustring winds, which all night long
Had rous’d the Sea […]
- 1817 December, [Jane Austen], Persuasion; published in Northanger Abbey: And Persuasion. […], volume (please specify |volume=III or IV), London: John Murray, […], 1818, OCLC 318384910:
- “A surgeon!” said Anne.
He caught the word; it seemed to rouse him at once, and saying only—“True, true, a surgeon this instant,” was darting away, when Anne eagerly suggested—
“Captain Benwick, would not it be better for Captain Benwick? […] ”
- 1932, William Faulkner, chapter 12, in Light in August, [New York, N.Y.]: Harrison Smith & Robert Haas, OCLC 644581344; republished London: Chatto & Windus, 1933, OCLC 154633965, page 254:
- He tried to argue with her. But it was like trying to argue with a tree: she did not even rouse herself to deny, she just listened quietly and then talked again in that level, cold tone as if he had never spoken.
- 1980, J. M. Coetzee, Waiting for the Barbarians, Penguin, 1982, p. 108,
- The words they stopped me from uttering may have been very paltry indeed, hardly words to rouse the rabble.
- To cause to start from a covert or lurking place.
- to rouse a deer or other animal of the chase
- 1713, Alexander Pope, “Windsor-Forest. […]”, in The Works of Mr. Alexander Pope, volume I, London: […] W[illiam] Bowyer, for Bernard Lintot, […], published 1717, OCLC 43265629, page 7:
- The Youth rush eager to the Sylvan War;
Swarm o’er the Lawns, the Forest Walks surround,
Rowze the fleet Hart, and chear the opening Hound.
- (nautical) To pull by main strength; to haul.
- (obsolete) To raise; to make erect.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. […], London: […] [John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938, book 1, canto 11, page 157:
- And ouer, all with brasen scales was armd,
Like plated cote of steele, so couched neare,
That nought mote perce, ne might his corse bee harmd
With dint of swerd, nor push of pointed speare,
Which as an Eagle, seeing pray appeare,
His aery plumes doth rouze, full rudely dight,
So shaked he, that horror was to heare,
For as the clashing of an Armor bright,
Such noyse his rouzed scales did send vnto the knight.
- 1599, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Henry the Fift”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii]:
- He that outlives this day, and comes safe home,
Will stand a tip-toe when the day is named,
And rouse him at the name of Crispian.
- (slang, when followed by "on") To tell off; to criticise.
- He roused on her for being late yet again.
- (to wake someone from sleep): bring round, roust, wake up; see also Thesaurus:awaken
- (to be awoken from sleep): arise, get up, wake up; see also Thesaurus:wake
to cause, excite
rouse (plural rouses)
- An official ceremony over drinks.
- c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii]:
- No jocund health that Denmark drinks to-day
But the great cannon to the clouds shall tell,
And the King’s rouse the heaven shall bruit again,
Respeaking earthly thunder.
- A carousal; a festival; a drinking frolic.
- Wine or other liquor considered an inducement to mirth or drunkenness; a full glass; a bumper.
- 1868, A. Brachet, An etymological dictionary of the French language