tog

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See also: togʻ and tóg

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French togue, from Latin toga (cloak, mantle). It started being used by thieves and vagabonds with the noun togman, which was an old slang word for "cloak". By the 1700s the noun "tog" was used as a short form for "togman", and it was being used for "coat", and before 1800 the word started to mean "clothing". The verb "tog" came out after a short period of time and became a popular word which meant to dress up. The unit of thermal resistance was coined in the 1940s after the clo, a unit of thermal insulation of clothing, which was itself derived from clothes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tog (plural togs)

  1. A cloak.
  2. A coat.
    • c. 1864, Stevens, Alfred Peck, “The Chickaleary Cove”, in Farmer, John Stephen, editor, Musa Pedestris[2], published 1896, page 161:
      I have a rorty gal, also a knowing pal, / And merrily together we jog on, / I doesn't care a flatch, as long as I've a tach, / Some pannum for my chest, and a tog on.
  3. A unit of thermal resistance, being ten times the temperature difference (in °C) between the two surfaces of a material when the flow of heat is equal to one watt per square metre
Derived terms[edit]
  • (clothes): toggery
  • (unit of thermal resistance): megatog (rare, humorously hyperbolic)

Verb[edit]

tog (third-person singular simple present togs, present participle togging, simple past and past participle togged)

  1. (transitive) To dress (often with up or out).
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      “[…] if you call my duds a ‘livery’ again there'll be trouble. It's bad enough to go around togged out like a life saver on a drill day, but I can stand that 'cause I'm paid for it. […]”

Etymology 2[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tog (not comparable)

  1. (knitting) Abbreviation of together.
    • 2012, Kay Meadors, Knitting for a Cure (page 34)
      Row 1 (Right side): Slip 1, K1, K2 tog, YO, K 10, (K2 tog, YO) twice, K3.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *tāga, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tég-os,[1] from *(s)teg- (to cover). Compare Latin tegō (to cover), Greek τέγος (tégos, roof), Old Irish tech (house), and others.

Noun[edit]

tog f (indefinite plural togje, definite singular togu, definite plural togjet)

  1. heap, pile

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[1], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 148

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German toge, toch, from Old Saxon *tugi, from Proto-Germanic *tugiz. Cognate with Dutch teug, German Zug, Old English tyge. The sense "train" is derived from German Zug.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tog n (singular definite toget, plural indefinite tog or toge)

  1. train
  2. expedition
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /toːˀ/, [ˈtˢoˀ]

Verb[edit]

tog

  1. past tense of tage

Dutch[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tog

  1. Misspelling of toch.
    Hij kwam tog?He came, didn't he?

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tog n (genitive singular togs, plural tog)

  1. (hemp) rope
  2. long hair of a sheep skin

Declension[edit]

Declension of tog
n4 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative tog togið tog togini
accusative tog togið tog togini
dative tog, togi tognum togum togunum
genitive togs togsins toga toganna

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tog n (genitive singular togs, nominative plural tog)

  1. the act of pulling
  2. rope

Declension[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Zug (sense 1), and German Low German tog, toch (sense 2)

Noun[edit]

tog n (definite singular toget, indefinite plural tog, definite plural toga or togene)

  1. (rail transport) a train (line of connected cars or carriages, often hauled by a locomotive)
  2. a procession or parade
    17. mai-togetthe 17th of May parade

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German tuch (fare, pulling) (genitive toges). In the sense of a train, it is a semantic borrow from German Zug.

Noun[edit]

tog n (definite singular toget, indefinite plural tog, definite plural toga)

  1. (rail transport) a train (as above)
  2. a procession or parade
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

From earlier and Old Norse tog, from Proto-Germanic *taugō.

Noun[edit]

tog n (definite singular toget, indefinite plural tog, definite plural toga)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 2012; superseded by tau

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tog

  1. second-person singular imperative of do·goa

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
tog thog tog
pronounced with /d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from an older Proto-Germanic *tugą. Related to the verb toga.

Noun[edit]

tog n

  1. rope, line, cord

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Icelandic: tog
  • Faroese: tog
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: tau
  • Norwegian Bokmål: tau

References[edit]

  • tog in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish tócbáil, verbal noun of do·fócaib (lifts up, raises; takes, takes up; brings; takes away, lifts off, removes; raises, sets up (of stones, buildings, etc.); exalts, uplifts, elevates, extols; rears, brings up, fosters; exacts, levies, raises (a tribute or tax); awakens, rouses, excites).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tog (past thog, future togaidh, verbal noun togail, past participle togta)

  1. lift, raise, rear, haul, pick up, hoist
  2. build, erect
  3. brew, distil
  4. carry
  5. take away
  6. excite, stir, cheer up, rouse
  7. exact (as tribute)
  8. rear, educate, rear, bring up (a child)
  9. hoist, weigh
  10. extol
  11. (agriculture) make sheaves of corn

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tǫgъ. Cognate with Czech tuhý

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tọ̑g (comparative bȍlj tọ̑g, superlative nȁjbolj tọ̑g)

  1. rigid, stiff

Inflection[edit]

Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. tóg tóga tógo
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tóg ind
tógi def
tóga tógo
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
tógo tógo
genitive tógega tóge tógega
dative tógemu tógi tógemu
locative tógem tógi tógem
instrumental tógim tógo tógim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tóga tógi tógi
accusative tóga tógi tógi
genitive tógih tógih tógih
dative tógima tógima tógima
locative tógih tógih tógih
instrumental tógima tógima tógima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tógi tóge tóga
accusative tóge tóge tóga
genitive tógih tógih tógih
dative tógim tógim tógim
locative tógih tógih tógih
instrumental tógimi tógimi tógimi

Further reading[edit]

  • tog”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tog

  1. past tense of ta.
  2. past tense of taga.

Anagrams[edit]