tóg

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See also: tog and togʻ

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from tógáil, from Middle Irish tócbáil, verbal noun of do·fócaib (lifts up, raises).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tóg (present analytic tógann, future analytic tógfaidh, verbal noun tógáil, past participle tógtha)

  1. to raise, lift, hoist, elevate, take up
    • 1939, Peig Sayers, “Inghean an Cheannaidhe”, printed in Marie-Louise Sjoestedt, Description d’un parler irlandais de Kerry, Bibliothèque de l'École des Hautes Études 270. Paris: Librairie Honoré Champion, p. 194:
      Fe dheire do bhí ar an gcaptaen a sheólta a thógaint suas agus dul go dtí dúthaigh éigin ag triall ar lasc [sic; lasta] eile.
      Finally the captain had to hoist his sails and go to some country for another cargo.
  2. to erect, build
  3. to rear, bring up
    gamhain a thógáilto rear a calf
    Rugadh agus tógadh i mBaile Átha Cliath é.
    He was born and raised in Dublin.
  4. to seize (take possession of by force, law etc.)

Inflection[edit]

  • Alternative verbal noun: tógaint (Munster)
  • There also exist archaic spellings with bh before vowel-initial endings, e.g. first-person singular tógbhaim, verbal noun tógbháil.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tóg thóg dtóg
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • do·fócaib” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • tócbáil” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “tógaim” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1st ed., 1904, by Patrick S. Dinneen, page 739.
  • "tóg" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “tóg” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “tóg” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.
  • “tóg” at the Historical Irish Corpus, 1600–1926 of the Royal Irish Academy.