tok

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

tok

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Toki Pona.

Albanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

An onomatopoeia, similar to Italian toccare (to touch, to tap).[1]

Verb[edit]

tok (aorist toka, participle tokur) (transitive)

  1. to cut or hit meat to mince it or make meatballs
    Synonym: grij
  2. to sharpen (scythe or sickle)
    Synonym: kalit
    toku draprintempering the sickle
  3. knock
    Synonym: trokas
  4. to hit (or handshake) someone's hand to greet them, toast someone by clinking glasses
    Synonym: çokas
    tokën duartthey high fived
    tokën gotatthey toasted with glasses
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A semantic variation of the above mentioned verb.

Adverb[edit]

tok

  1. together
    Synonyms: bashkërisht, grumbull, së bashku

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998) “tok”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 459

Further reading[edit]

  • “tok”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎[3] (in Albanian), 1980

Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Russian ток (tok).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [tok]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

tok (definite accusative toku, plural toklar)

  1. (colloquial) current (electric)
    Synonym: cərəyan
    onu tok vurduhe got an electric shock
    toka qoşmaqto power up, to plug in
    toka verməkto give electric shocks (in order to torture or kill)

Declension[edit]

    Declension of tok
singular plural
nominative tok
toklar
definite accusative toku
tokları
dative toka
toklara
locative tokda
toklarda
ablative tokdan
toklardan
definite genitive tokun
tokların
    Possessive forms of tok
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) tokum toklarım
sənin (your) tokun tokların
onun (his/her/its) toku tokları
bizim (our) tokumuz toklarımız
sizin (your) tokunuz toklarınız
onların (their) toku or tokları tokları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) tokumu toklarımı
sənin (your) tokunu toklarını
onun (his/her/its) tokunu toklarını
bizim (our) tokumuzu toklarımızı
sizin (your) tokunuzu toklarınızı
onların (their) tokunu or toklarını toklarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) tokuma toklarıma
sənin (your) tokuna toklarına
onun (his/her/its) tokuna toklarına
bizim (our) tokumuza toklarımıza
sizin (your) tokunuza toklarınıza
onların (their) tokuna or toklarına toklarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) tokumda toklarımda
sənin (your) tokunda toklarında
onun (his/her/its) tokunda toklarında
bizim (our) tokumuzda toklarımızda
sizin (your) tokunuzda toklarınızda
onların (their) tokunda or toklarında toklarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) tokumdan toklarımdan
sənin (your) tokundan toklarından
onun (his/her/its) tokundan toklarından
bizim (our) tokumuzdan toklarımızdan
sizin (your) tokunuzdan toklarınızdan
onların (their) tokundan or toklarından toklarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) tokumun toklarımın
sənin (your) tokunun toklarının
onun (his/her/its) tokunun toklarının
bizim (our) tokumuzun toklarımızın
sizin (your) tokunuzun toklarınızın
onların (their) tokunun or toklarının toklarının

Further reading[edit]

  • tok” in Obastan.com.

Chickasaw[edit]

Particle[edit]

tok

  1. particle used to express actions in the past.
    Hatuk nakni aiya achumpa tok.
    That man went to town.
    (literally, “That man go town (past tense).”)

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Czech tok, from Proto-Slavic *tokъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tok m inan

  1. flow

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • tok in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • tok in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • tok in Internetová jazyková příručka

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown.[1]

Noun[edit]

tok (plural tokok)

  1. holder
  2. case
  3. cover
  4. sheath
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative tok tokok
accusative tokot tokokat
dative toknak tokoknak
instrumental tokkal tokokkal
causal-final tokért tokokért
translative tokká tokokká
terminative tokig tokokig
essive-formal tokként tokokként
essive-modal
inessive tokban tokokban
superessive tokon tokokon
adessive toknál tokoknál
illative tokba tokokba
sublative tokra tokokra
allative tokhoz tokokhoz
elative tokból tokokból
delative tokról tokokról
ablative toktól tokoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
toké tokoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
tokéi tokokéi
Possessive forms of tok
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. tokom tokjaim
2nd person sing. tokod tokjaid
3rd person sing. tokja tokjai
1st person plural tokunk tokjaink
2nd person plural tokotok tokjaitok
3rd person plural tokjuk tokjaik
Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

Etymology 2[edit]

Uncertain. Perhaps borrowed from Turkic, probably before the times of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin (at the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries).[1] Compare also Armenian թուխու (tʻuxu, sturgeon).

Noun[edit]

tok (plural tokok)

  1. sturgeon (a type of fish)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative tok tokok
accusative tokot tokokat
dative toknak tokoknak
instrumental tokkal tokokkal
causal-final tokért tokokért
translative tokká tokokká
terminative tokig tokokig
essive-formal tokként tokokként
essive-modal
inessive tokban tokokban
superessive tokon tokokon
adessive toknál tokoknál
illative tokba tokokba
sublative tokra tokokra
allative tokhoz tokokhoz
elative tokból tokokból
delative tokról tokokról
ablative toktól tokoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
toké tokoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
tokéi tokokéi
Possessive forms of tok
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. tokom tokjaim
2nd person sing. tokod tokjaid
3rd person sing. tokja tokjai
1st person plural tokunk tokjaink
2nd person plural tokotok tokjaitok
3rd person plural tokjuk tokjaik

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 tok in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]

  • (case, sheath): tok in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (sturgeon): tok in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Kokborok[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bodo-Garo *tao² (bird), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *daw (bird). Cognate with Bodo (India) दाव (dao), Atong (India) taw·, Garo do·o.

Noun[edit]

tok

  1. bird

References[edit]

  • Debbarma, Binoy (2001) “tok”, in Concise Kokborok-English-Bengali Dictionary[4], Language Wing, Education Department, TTAADC, →ISBN, page 129

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tok

  1. simple past of ta

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

tok

  1. past of ta and taka

Polabian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *takъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

tok

  1. such

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish tok.

Noun[edit]

tok m inan

  1. process
    Synonyms: proces, przebieg
  2. course
    tok zdarzeńcourse of events
  3. (in certain collocations) train
    tok myśleniatrain of thought
  4. current (part of a fluid that moves continuously in a certain direction)
  5. (ethology) courtship display
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
nouns
preposition
Related terms[edit]
noun
verb

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French toque.

Noun[edit]

tok m inan

  1. (archaic) toque (type of hat)
    Synonym: toczek
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • tok in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • tok in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *tokъ. Cognate to e-grade tȅći.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȏk m (Cyrillic spelling то̑к)

  1. flow
  2. stream, current
  3. flux
    sv(j)etlosni tokluminous flux
    energijski tokenergy flux
  4. (Croatia) spatial movement (as opposed to temporal movement, compare tijȇk)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish طوقه (compare Turkish toka).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȏk m (Cyrillic spelling то̑к)

  1. (regional) sheath, scabbard
    Synonym: korice
Declension[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *tokъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tok m inan (declension pattern of dub)

  1. flow
  2. current

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • tok”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tokъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tọ̑k m inan

  1. current
Inflection[edit]
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. tók
gen. sing. tóka
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
tók tokôva tokôvi
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
tóka tokôv tokôv
dative
(dajȃlnik)
tóku tokôvoma tokôvom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
tók tokôva tokôve
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
tóku tokôvih tokôvih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
tókom tokôvoma tokôvi
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. tók
gen. sing. tóka
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
tók tóka tóki
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
tóka tókov tókov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
tóku tókoma tókom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
tók tóka tóke
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
tóku tókih tókih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
tókom tókoma tóki

Etymology 2[edit]

From Hungarian tok.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȍk or tọ̑k m inan

  1. holder
  2. case
Inflection[edit]
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. tòk
gen. sing. tóka
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
tòk tóka tóki
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
tóka tókov tókov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
tóku tókoma tókom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
tòk tóka tóke
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
tóku tókih tókih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
tókom tókoma tóki
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. tók
gen. sing. tóka
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
tók tóka tóki
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
tóka tókov tókov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
tóku tókoma tókom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
tók tóka tóke
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
tóku tókih tókih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
tókom tókoma tóki

Further reading[edit]

  • tok”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Southeastern Tepehuan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Northern Tepehuan tóki, O'odham toki.

Noun[edit]

tok

  1. cotton

References[edit]

  • R. de Willett, Elizabeth, et al. (2016) Diccionario tepehuano de Santa María Ocotán, Durango (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 48)‎[5] (in Spanish), electronic edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 168

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Dialectal, perhaps of imitative origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tok c

  1. crazy person, fool, wacko (stupid and/or crazy (and silly) person)
    köra som en tok
    drive like a fool/madman
  2. shrubby cinquefoil (short form of ölandstok)

Declension[edit]

Declension of tok 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tok token tokar tokarna
Genitive toks tokens tokars tokarnas

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Tok Pisin[edit]

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Etymology[edit]

From English talk.

Noun[edit]

tok

  1. message; news; speech; announcement
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 1:22:
      Na God i mekim gutpela tok bilong givim strong long ol. Em i tokim ol olsem, “Yupela ol kain kain samting bilong solwara, yupela i mas kamap planti na pulapim olgeta hap bilong solwara. Na yupela ol pisin, yupela i mas kamap planti long graun.”
      →New International Version translation
  2. rumour
  3. word
  4. language

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

tok intrans., transitive tokim

  1. (intransitive) to speak, talk
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 1:3:
      Na God i tok olsem, “Lait i mas kamap.” Orait lait i kamap.
      And God said this, "Light must appear." So light appeared.

Related terms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Ottoman Turkish طوق (ṭoḳ),[1][2][3] from Proto-Turkic *tok, from *tod- (to become satiated) or *to- (to fill up; to close, to block).[4][5][6]

Adjective[edit]

tok

  1. Not hungry; sated, full.
    Synonym: doymuş
    Antonym:
  2. (of fabric) thickly, densely woven
  3. (of voice) deep and loud

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redhouse, James W. (1890) “طوق”, in A Turkish and English Lexicon[1], Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 1258
  2. ^ Kélékian, Diran (1911) “طوق”, in Dictionnaire turc-français[2], Constantinople: Mihran, page 819
  3. ^ Şemseddin Sâmi (1899–1901) “طوق”, in قاموس تركی [kamus-ı türki] (in Ottoman Turkish), Constantinople: İkdam Matbaası, page 901
  4. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972) “1 tok”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 464
  5. ^ Starostin, Sergei, Dybo, Anna, Mudrak, Oleg (2003) “*dod-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  6. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–) “tok”, in Nişanyan Sözlük

Further reading[edit]

Vilamovian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German tocke, from Old High German toccha (doll), from Proto-Germanic *dokko (something round), related to *dukkǭ (muscle, strength), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeu-k- (to spin, shake); cognate with German Docke (corn dolly).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tok f (plural toka, diminutive takla)

  1. doll

References[edit]