tok

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See also: Tok, tók, tök, -tok, -tök, and ток

Albanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

An onomatopoeia, similar to Italian toccare (to touch, to tap).[1]

Verb[edit]

tok (first-person singular past tense toka, participle tokë)

  1. I cut (meat), sharpen (scythe), knock
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A semantic variation of the above mentioned verb.

Adverb[edit]

tok

  1. together

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “tok”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, page 459

Chickasaw[edit]

Particle[edit]

tok

  1. particle used to express actions in the past.
    Hatuk nakni aiya achumpa tok
    Literally, "That man go town (past tense)"

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tokъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

tok m

  1. flow

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Of unknown origin.[1]

Noun[edit]

tok (plural tokok)

  1. holder
  2. case
  3. cover
  4. sheath
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative tok tokok
accusative tokot tokokat
dative toknak tokoknak
instrumental tokkal tokokkal
causal-final tokért tokokért
translative tokká tokokká
terminative tokig tokokig
essive-formal tokként tokokként
essive-modal
inessive tokban tokokban
superessive tokon tokokon
adessive toknál tokoknál
illative tokba tokokba
sublative tokra tokokra
allative tokhoz tokokhoz
elative tokból tokokból
delative tokról tokokról
ablative toktól tokoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
toké tokoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
tokéi tokokéi
Possessive forms of tok
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. tokom tokjaim
2nd person sing. tokod tokjaid
3rd person sing. tokja tokjai
1st person plural tokunk tokjaink
2nd person plural tokotok tokjaitok
3rd person plural tokjuk tokjaik
Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

Etymology 2[edit]

Of uncertain origin. Perhaps borrowed from Turkic, probably before the times of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin (at the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries).[1] Compare also Middle Armenian թուխու (tʿuxu, sturgeon).

Noun[edit]

tok (plural tokok)

  1. sturgeon (a type of fish)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative tok tokok
accusative tokot tokokat
dative toknak tokoknak
instrumental tokkal tokokkal
causal-final tokért tokokért
translative tokká tokokká
terminative tokig tokokig
essive-formal tokként tokokként
essive-modal
inessive tokban tokokban
superessive tokon tokokon
adessive toknál tokoknál
illative tokba tokokba
sublative tokra tokokra
allative tokhoz tokokhoz
elative tokból tokokból
delative tokról tokokról
ablative toktól tokoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
toké tokoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
tokéi tokokéi
Possessive forms of tok
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. tokom tokjaim
2nd person sing. tokod tokjaid
3rd person sing. tokja tokjai
1st person plural tokunk tokjaink
2nd person plural tokotok tokjaitok
3rd person plural tokjuk tokjaik

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

tok

  1. simple past of ta

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

tok

  1. past tense of ta, taka and take

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tokъ.

Noun[edit]

tok m inan

  1. process
  2. course
    tok zdarzeńcourse of events
  3. train
    tok myśleniatrain of thought
  4. current (part of a fluid that moves continuously in a certain direction)
  5. (ornithology) courtship display
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

tok m inan

  1. (archaic) toque (type of hat)
    Synonym: toczek
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • tok in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • tok in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tokъ. Cognate to e-grade tȅći.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȏk m (Cyrillic spelling то̑к)

  1. flow
  2. stream, current
  3. flux
    sv(j)etlosni tok — luminous flux
    energijski tok — energy flux
  4. (Croatian) movement in space (as opposed to time, compare tijȇk)
Derived terms[edit]
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish [Term?] (compare Turkish toka).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȏk m (Cyrillic spelling то̑к)

  1. (regional) sheath, scabbard
Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tokъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tok m (genitive singular toku, nominative plural toky, genitive plural tokov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. flow
  2. current

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • tok in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tokъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tọ̑k m inan

  1. current
Inflection[edit]
Masculine inan., hard o-stem, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. tók
gen. sing. tóka
singular dual plural
nominative tók tokôva tokôvi
accusative tók tokôva tokôve
genitive tóka tokôv tokôv
dative tóku tokôvoma tokôvom
locative tóku tokôvih tokôvih
instrumental tókom tokôvoma tokôvi
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. tók
gen. sing. tóka
singular dual plural
nominative tók tóka tóki
accusative tók tóka tóke
genitive tóka tókov tókov
dative tóku tókoma tókom
locative tóku tókih tókih
instrumental tókom tókoma tóki

Etymology 2[edit]

From Hungarian tok

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȍk or tọ̑k m inan

  1. holder
  2. case
Inflection[edit]
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. tòk
gen. sing. tóka
singular dual plural
nominative tòk tóka tóki
accusative tòk tóka tóke
genitive tóka tókov tókov
dative tóku tókoma tókom
locative tóku tókih tókih
instrumental tókom tókoma tóki
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. tók
gen. sing. tóka
singular dual plural
nominative tók tóka tóki
accusative tók tóka tóke
genitive tóka tókov tókov
dative tóku tókoma tókom
locative tóku tókih tókih
instrumental tókom tókoma tóki

Further reading[edit]

  • tok”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Southeastern Tepehuan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Northern Tepehuan tóki, O'odham toki.

Noun[edit]

tok

  1. cotton

References[edit]

  • R. de Willett, Elizabeth, et al. (2016) Diccionario tepehuano de Santa María Ocotán, Durango (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 48)‎[1] (in Spanish), electronic edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 168

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tok c

  1. crazy person, fool, wacko
  2. shrubby cinquefoil (short form of ölandstok)

Declension[edit]

Declension of tok 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tok token tokar tokarna
Genitive toks tokens tokars tokarnas

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English talk.

Noun[edit]

tok

  1. message; news; speech; announcement
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, 1:22:
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. rumour
  3. word
  4. language

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

tok intrans., transitive tokim

  1. (intransitive) to speak, talk
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, 1:3:
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Related terms[edit]

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic [script needed] (tok, full), from tod-/to- (to become satiated, to fill).[1] Related to dolmak and doymak.

Adjective[edit]

tok (comparative daha tok, superlative en tok)

  1. sated, full (not hungry)
  2. (on prescriptions for medication) not having an empty stomach

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Vilamovian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German tocke; cognate with German Docke (corn dolly).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tok f (plural toka) (diminutive takla)

  1. doll