dok

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: dök, -dok, doek, and dòk

Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch dok.

Noun[edit]

dok (plural dokke)

  1. dock

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Borrowed from English "doc" or a native clipping?”)

Noun[edit]

dok (plural [please provide])

  1. doc, medical doctor

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch docke (port, harbour, roadstead), of uncertain origin. The original sense may have been "the furrow a grounded vessel makes in a mud bank" [1]. Compare Middle Low German docke (dock), borrowed from the Middle Dutch.

Some sources link this word to an unattested Middle Dutch *docke (watercourse, trench, canal), which is a ghost word, only being inferred from Mediaeval Latin documents in the form of ducta, doctus, doccia (conduit, canal). However, if this theory is correct, then it would relate the word to Italian doccia (drainpipe).[2]

An alternative theory ties Middle Dutch docke to a North Germanic/Scandinavian source, notably Old Norse dǫkk (depression in the landscape, pit, pool, trench), from Proto-Germanic *dankwaz (dark). If so, related to Norwegian dokk (hollow, low ground), Old Icelandic dökk, also dökð (pit, pool), Swedish dank (marshy ground).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɔk/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: dok
  • Rhymes: -ɔk

Noun[edit]

dok n (plural dokken, diminutive dokje n)

  1. dock

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “dock”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. ^ Marlies Philippa et al., eds., Etymologisch Woordenboek van het Nederlands, A-Z, s.v. “dok” (Amsterdam UP, 3 Dec. 2009). [1]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: dok
  • English: dock
  • Indonesian: dok (dock)
  • Japanese: ドック
  • Papiamentu: dòk

Garo[edit]

Garo cardinal numbers
 <  5 6 7  > 
    Cardinal : dok

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-k-ruk. Cognate with Tibetan དྲུག (drug), Burmese ခြောက် (hkrauk)

Numeral[edit]

dok

  1. six

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈdɔk]
  • Hyphenation: dok

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch dok (dock), from Middle Dutch docke (channel), from Old Italian doccia (conduit, canal) or Medieval Latin ducta, ductus.

Noun[edit]

dok (first-person possessive dokku, second-person possessive dokmu, third-person possessive doknya)

  1. dock, a fixed structure attached to shore to which a vessel is secured when in port.
    Synonym: limbung

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

dok (first-person possessive dokku, second-person possessive dokmu, third-person possessive doknya)

  1. Apocopic form of dokter (doctor, physician).

Further reading[edit]


Kokborok[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-k-ruk. Cognate with Tibetan དྲུག (drug), Burmese ခြောက် (hkrauk).

Numeral[edit]

dok

  1. six

References[edit]

  • Debbarma, Binoy (2001), “dok”, in Concise Kokborok-English-Bengali Dictionary, Language Wing, Education Department, TTAADC, →ISBN, page 39

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English *docce, *docca, from Proto-Germanic *dukkǭ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dok

  1. Hair cut at the tail; the dock.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

dok

  1. Alternative form of dokke

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English dock.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dok m inan

  1. (nautical) dock

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • dok in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • dok in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *do kъ, as if from + k.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

dȍk (Cyrillic spelling до̏к)

  1. while, as long as
    dok je čov(j)ek mlad, ne brine o zdravljuwhile one is young, he doesn't care about health
  2. until, till
    ovd(j)e ću čekati dok se ona ne vratiI'll wait here as long as she does not return
  3. while, whereas
    mi se brinemo za kuću, dok je njemu svejednowe worry about the house, while he doesn't care at all
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English dock

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dȍk m (Cyrillic spelling до̏к)

  1. dock, wharf
    suhi/suvi dokdry dock
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • dok” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • dok” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • dok”, in Речник српскохрватскога књижевног језика (in Serbo-Croatian), volume 1, Друго фототипско издање edition, Нови Сад, Загреб: Матица српска, Матица хрватска, 1967–1976, published 1990, page 717

Toba Batak[edit]

Verb[edit]

dok (active mandok)

  1. (transitive) to say

References[edit]

  • J. Warneck (1906) Tobabataksch-Deutsches Wörterbuch[2], Batavia: Landsdrukkerij, page 59

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English dog.

Noun[edit]

dok

  1. dog

Derived terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English dock.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dok (definite accusative doğu, plural doklar)

  1. dock

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

dok (nominative plural doks)

  1. doctorate

Declension[edit]