From Middle English wharf, from Old English hwearf (“heap, embankment, wharf”); related to Old English hweorfan (“to turn”), Old Saxon hwerf (whence German Werft), Dutch werf, Old High German hwarb (“a turn”), hwerban (“to turn”), Old Norse hvarf (“circle”), and Ancient Greek καρπός (karpós, “wrist”).
- (General American) enPR: wôrf, IPA(key): /wɔɹf/
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: wôf, IPA(key): /wɔːf/
- (without the wine–whine merger) enPR: hwôrf, IPA(key): /hwɔɹf/.
- In New Zealand, even those who distinguish wine and whine are likely to pronounce as /wɔːf/.
- A man-made landing place for ships on a shore or river bank.
- The bank of a river, or the shore of the sea.
- c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene v]:
- the fat weed that roots itself in ease on Lethe wharf
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
wharf (plural wharves)