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Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 n

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter C/c.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 m (plural cés)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter C/c.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter C/c.

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Icelandic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 n (genitive singular cés, nominative plural )

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter C/c.

Declension[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish cía, from Proto-Celtic *kʷēs (from which also Welsh pwy), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷis.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • cia (obsolete)

Pronoun[edit]

(triggers h-prothesis of a following disjunctive pronoun é, í, iad; followed by a relative clause)

  1. (interrogative) who?
    hé?
    Who is he?
    hí an bhean sin?
    Who is that woman?
    a dhéanfaidh é?
    Who will do it?
Usage notes[edit]

Can be followed by a prepositional pronoun in the 3rd person singular masculine:

  • aige an fíon?
    Who has the wine?
  • dó ar thug tú é?
    Who did you give it to?

In this construction, it can also mean ‘what’:

  • air a bhfuil an leabhar?
    What is the book on?
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish cía (although).

Particle[edit]

  1. Only used in cé go, cé gur, cé nach, and cé nár

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from Anglo-Norman kay, cail (modern French quai), from Gaulish cagiíum (enclosure), from Proto-Celtic *kagyom (pen, enclosure) (from which also Welsh cae (hedge)).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

 f (genitive singular , nominative plural céanna)

  1. quay, wharf, pier
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ché gcé
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 cía (‘who’)” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 cía (‘although’)” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • céibe (‘quay’)” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “cé” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 2nd ed., 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • “céaḋ (‘quay’)” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 2nd ed., 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.