cía

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Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kʷēs (compare Welsh pwy), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷis.

Pronoun[edit]

cía

  1. (interrogative) who?
    • c. 1160, The Tale of Mac Da Thó's Pig, section 3:
      Tabair dóibsium dib línaib, cumma cía thóetsat imbi.
      Give it to them both, it doesn’t matter who will fall because of it.
  2. (indefinite) whoever, whatever
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish:
  • Scottish Gaelic:
  • Manx: quoi

Determiner[edit]

cía

  1. whatever

Adverb[edit]

cía

  1. wherever
  2. however

Etymology 2[edit]

Uncertain; possibly from the pronoun (Etymology 1).

Conjunction[edit]

cía (triggers lenition)

  1. although
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cía chía cía
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

cía

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of ciar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of ciar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of ciar.