A substrate word, close to Ancient Greek τόπος (tópos, “place”) (cf. darkë vs. δόρπον (dórpon, “supper, dinner; evening”), bajgë vs. βολβός (volvós, “bulb”) etc.), with a proto-form *tò-kʷV- or *tòw-kʷV- (compare the second part of ndërtoj). The alternative form trokë has probably been influenced by truall, plural troje "land, place". An ancient loan from a substrate source, close to Hittite [script needed] (tēkan), [script needed] (tagnās) has also been proposed based on phonetic grounds.