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See also: ĉieo


Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Indo-European *ḱey-.[1] Cognate to Ancient Greek κινέω (kinéō, I move, I set in motion), Sanskrit च्यवते (cyavate, to come forth, to fall down), Albanian qoj (to wake up).



cieō (present infinitive ciēre, perfect active cīvī, supine citum); second conjugation

  1. I put in motion; act
  2. I move, stir, shake.
  3. I summon, call.
  4. I call upon (by name) for help, invoke, appeal to.
  5. I rouse, stimulate, excite; disturb; produce, cause, begin, provoke.


   Conjugation of cieō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cieō ciēs ciet ciēmus ciētis cient
imperfect ciēbam ciēbās ciēbat ciēbāmus ciēbātis ciēbant
future ciēbō ciēbis ciēbit ciēbimus ciēbitis ciēbunt
perfect cīvī cīvistī cīvit cīvimus cīvistis cīvērunt, cīvēre
pluperfect cīveram cīverās cīverat cīverāmus cīverātis cīverant
future perfect cīverō cīveris cīverit cīverimus cīveritis cīverint
passive present cieor ciēris, ciēre ciētur ciēmur ciēminī cientur
imperfect ciēbar ciēbāris, ciēbāre ciēbātur ciēbāmur ciēbāminī ciēbantur
future ciēbor ciēberis, ciēbere ciēbitur ciēbimur ciēbiminī ciēbuntur
perfect citus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect citus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect citus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cieam cieās cieat cieāmus cieātis cieant
imperfect ciērem ciērēs ciēret ciērēmus ciērētis ciērent
perfect cīverim cīverīs cīverit cīverīmus cīverītis cīverint
pluperfect cīvissem cīvissēs cīvisset cīvissēmus cīvissētis cīvissent
passive present ciear cieāris, cieāre cieātur cieāmur cieāminī cieantur
imperfect ciērer ciērēris, ciērēre ciērētur ciērēmur ciērēminī ciērentur
perfect citus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect citus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ciē ciēte
future ciētō ciētō ciētōte cientō
passive present ciēre ciēminī
future ciētor ciētor cientor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives ciēre cīvisse citūrum esse ciērī citum esse citum īrī
participles ciēns citūrus citus ciendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
ciendī ciendō ciendum ciendō citum citū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 538
  • cieo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cieo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cieo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette