citus

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Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡situs/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

citus

  1. conditional of citi

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

citus

  1. conditional of citar

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perfect passive participle of cieō (put in motion).

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

citus (feminine cita, neuter citum); first/second-declension participle

  1. put in motion, moved, stirred, shaken; quick, swift, rapid; having been moved
  2. summoned, called, having been summoned
  3. invoked, appealed to, having been invoked
  4. roused, stimulated, excited, provoked, having been provoked

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative citus cita citum citī citae cita
Genitive citī citae citī citōrum citārum citōrum
Dative citō citō citīs
Accusative citum citam citum citōs citās cita
Ablative citō citā citō citīs
Vocative cite cita citum citī citae cita

Adjective[edit]

citus (feminine cita, neuter citum, comparative citior, superlative citissimus, adverb citō); first/second-declension adjective

  1. swift, quick, rapid
  2. early

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative citus cita citum citī citae cita
Genitive citī citae citī citōrum citārum citōrum
Dative citō citō citīs
Accusative citum citam citum citōs citās cita
Ablative citō citā citō citīs
Vocative cite cita citum citī citae cita

Usage notes[edit]

According to Döderlein, citus and celer mean "swift, fast, quick" in terms of quick motion (in general) with tardus as their antonym. More specifically, citus refers to a lively motion, whereas celer refers to an eager or impetuous motion.

On the other hand, vēlōx and pernīx as "quick" denote a level of athletic nimbleness in terms of bodily activity, with lentus as their antonym. More specifically, pernīx involves a level of dexterity and quickness in an eclectic range of actions (such as climbing, hurdling, jumping, vaulting, etc.); whereas vēlōx is especially used for running, swimming and flying (moving in a direction)

Thirdly, properus and festīnus as "quick" refer specifically to one's speed in terms of the shortest time to reach a destination, with sēgnis as their antonym. More specifically, festīnus intimates a certain level of impatience, whereas properus simply indicates a haste from energy simply.

References[edit]

  • citus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • citus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • citus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • citus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Latvian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

citus

  1. accusative plural masculine form of cits