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From Proto-Italic *lentos (soft), from Proto-Indo-European *lentos (soft, smooth, pliant), likely related to Proto-Indo-European *lentéh₂ (linden, lime(-wood)), and cognate with Proto-Germanic *lindō (linden) (whence English linden), Proto-Balto-Slavic *lentā́ˀ (whence Lithuanian lentà ((linden) board), Russian лут (lut, (linden) bast)), Albanian lëndë (wood, material), as well as perhaps Sanskrit लता (latā, tendril, creeper).[1]

Compare also lēnis, with similar sound and meaning but different origin.



lentus (feminine lenta, neuter lentum, comparative lentior, superlative lentissimus, adverb lentē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. sticky, tenacious
  2. slow, sluggish
    Synonyms: tardus, sērus, languidus
    Antonyms: rapidus, vēlōx, levis, celer, properus, promptus, facilis
  3. flexible, pliant
    Synonym: lēnis
  4. indifferent, phlegmatic
    Synonym: quiētus


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative lentus lenta lentum lentī lentae lenta
Genitive lentī lentae lentī lentōrum lentārum lentōrum
Dative lentō lentō lentīs
Accusative lentum lentam lentum lentōs lentās lenta
Ablative lentō lentā lentō lentīs
Vocative lente lenta lentum lentī lentae lenta

Derived terms[edit]



  • lentus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lentus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lentus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 335