lenis

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lēnis (soft, smooth).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: lē'nəs, lā'nəs, IPA(key): /ˈliːnɪs/, /ˈlɛnɪs/

Adjective[edit]

lenis (not comparable)

  1. (phonetics) Weakly articulated (of a consonant), hence voiced; especially as compared to the others of a group of homorganic consonants.
    Synonym: lax
    Antonym: fortis
    • 2004, Stephan Gramley, Michael Pätzold, A Survey of Modern English, Routledge (→ISBN), page 80:
      All vowels, whether short or complex, are relatively shorter when followed by a fortis consonant and relatively longer when followed by a lenis one or, for those where this is possible, when no consonant follows (in free or unchecked syllables).

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *lh₁d-to.

Confer lentus. Cognate to Old Church Slavonic лѣнъ (lěnŭ, lazy), whence Russian ленивый (lenivyj, lazy), and to Lithuanian lė́nas (slow, calm).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈleː.nis/, [ˈɫeː.nɪs]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

lēnis (neuter lēne); third declension

  1. soft, smooth, gentle
  2. gradual
  3. moderate, mild, calm
Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative lēnis lēne lēnēs lēnia
Genitive lēnis lēnis lēnium lēnium
Dative lēnī lēnī lēnibus lēnibus
Accusative lēnem lēne lēnēs, lēnīs lēnia
Ablative lēnī lēnī lēnibus lēnibus
Vocative lēnis lēne lēnēs lēnia
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of lēna (madame, procuress).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lēnīs

  1. dative plural of lēna
  2. ablative plural of lēna

References[edit]

  1. ^ “lene” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, →ISBN