lenis

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See also: Lenis

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lēnis (soft, smooth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lenis (not comparable)

  1. (phonetics) Weakly articulated (of a consonant), hence voiced; especially as compared to the others of a group of homorganic consonants.
    Synonym: lax
    Antonym: fortis
    • 2004, Stephan Gramley, Michael Pätzold, A Survey of Modern English, Routledge (→ISBN), page 80:
      All vowels, whether short or complex, are relatively shorter when followed by a fortis consonant and relatively longer when followed by a lenis one or, for those where this is possible, when no consonant follows (in free or unchecked syllables).

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

lenis (plural lenes)

  1. (phonetics) A lenis consonant.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *lēnis, from Proto-Indo-European *leh₁-.

Compare lentus. Cognate to Old Church Slavonic лѣнъ (lěnŭ, lazy), whence Russian ленивый (lenivyj, lazy), and to Lithuanian lė́nas (slow, calm).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lēnis (neuter lēne, comparative lēnior, superlative lēnissimus, adverb lēne or lēniter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. soft, smooth, gentle, moderate, mild, calm
    Synonyms: lentus, mītis, placidus, mollis
  2. gradual
Declension[edit]

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative lēnis lēne lēnēs lēnia
Genitive lēnis lēnium
Dative lēnī lēnibus
Accusative lēnem lēne lēnēs
lēnīs
lēnia
Ablative lēnī lēnibus
Vocative lēnis lēne lēnēs lēnia
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: lenis, lenient
  • Galician: lene, ao len
  • Italian: lene
  • Occitan: le
  • Romanian: lin
  • Spanish: lene
  • Portuguese: lene

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of lēna (madame, procuress).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lēnīs

  1. dative/ablative plural of lēna

References[edit]

  • lenis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lenis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lenis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lenis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a gentle, subdued voice: vox lenis, suppressa, summissa
  1. ^ “lene” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, →ISBN