mitis

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Latin mitis (mild).

Noun[edit]

mitis (uncountable)

  1. (attributive) A process for producing malleable iron castings by melting wrought iron, to which from 0.05 to 0.1 per cent of aluminum is added to lower the melting point, usually in a petroleum furnace, keeping the molten metal at the bubbling point until it becomes quiet, and then pouring the molten metal into a mold lined with a special mixture consisting essentially of molasses and ground burnt fire clay.
  2. The malleable iron produced by this technique.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The prevailing etymology connects Old Irish méth (plump, fat), Welsh mwyd (act of soaking), Welsh mwydion (soft parts) (from Proto-Celtic *mētos (soft, plump)); Old Irish mín (soft; gentle, smooth; mild, tender, calm) (Proto-Celtic *mīnos); and Old Irish moíth (soft, tender) (Proto-Celtic *moytos), together from Proto-Indo-European *meyh₁- (mild, soft). Other potential Indo-European cognates also point to a meaning like “pleasant”: Sanskrit मयस् (máyas, pleasure, enjoyment, refreshment), Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬀𐬵(maiiah, pleasure), Proto-Slavic *mìlъ (soft, mild, gentle, agreeable, pleasant, sweet, dear), Lithuanian mielas (nice, sweet, cute), Latvian mīls (dear, cherished, beloved), Old Prussian mijls (dear). De Vaan suggests that the root *meyh₁- is actually *meh₁i-, being originally an extension of *meh₁- (to measure).

Alternatively Oettinger compares Hittite 𒈠𒀀𒄿𒀭𒍣 (ma-a-i-an-zi, to grow (up); to prosper), reconstructing Proto-Indo-European *meyH- (to ripen); Kloekhorst rejects this on both semantic and formal grounds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mītis (neuter mīte, comparative mītior, superlative mītissimus); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. Mild, mellow, mature, ripe; sweet, juicy, succulent.
  2. (of the soil) Light, fruitful, mellow.
  3. (of a river) Calm, gentle, placid.
  4. (of the weather), Peaceful, pleasant, clement, calm.
  5. (figuratively) Soft, tolerable, meek, peaceful, gentle, mild.
    Beātī mītēs: quoniam ipsī possidēbunt terram.
    Blessed are the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth. — Vulgate, Mt 5, 4.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative mītis mīte mītēs mītia
Genitive mītis mītium
Dative mītī mītibus
Accusative mītem mīte mītēs
mītīs
mītia
Ablative mītī mītibus
Vocative mītis mīte mītēs mītia

Antonyms[edit]

  • (sweet, mellow, soft; peaceful): immītis

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Italian: mite, mezzo
  • English: mitis

References[edit]

  • mitis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mitis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mitis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “mītis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 383
  • Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “mai-i / mi-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 540–541
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “mēto-, *mēti-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 270
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “moyto-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 279
  • Oettinger, Norbert (1979) Die Stammbildung des hethitischen Verbums (Erlanger Beiträge zur Sprach- und Kunstwissenschaft; 64), Nürnberg, page 471
  • Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1991) The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Latin (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 2), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 244

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

mitis

  1. accusative plural of mit