From Middle English moderat, from Latin moderātus, perfect active participle of moderor (“regulate, restrain, moderate”), from moder-, modes-, a stem appearing also in modestus (“moderate, discreet, modest”), from modus (“measure”); see mode and modest.
- Adjective, noun:
Audio (US), adjective and noun (file)
Audio (US), verb (file)
- Not excessive; acting in moderation
- moderate language
- a moderate Calvinist
- travelling at a moderate speed
- Average priced; standard-deal
- Not violent or rigorous; temperate; mild; gentle.
- a moderate winter
- (US, politics) Having an intermediate position between liberal and conservative.
moderate (plural moderates)
- One who holds an intermediate position between extremes, as in politics.
- While the moderates usually propose political compromise, it's often only achieved when the extremists allow them so
- The moderates are the natural advocates of ecumenism against the fanatics of their churches.
- (Christianity, historical) One of a party in Scottish Church history dominant in the 18th century, lax in doctrine and discipline, but intolerant of evangelicalism and popular rights. It caused the secessions of 1733 and 1761, and its final resultant was the Disruption of 1843.
- (transitive) To reduce the excessiveness of (something)
- to moderate rage, action, desires, etc.
- 1730, John Arbuthnot, An Essay Concerning the Nature of Aliments
- By its astringent Quality, it moderates the relaxing quality of warm Water.
- 2000, Paul G. Coleman, Positron Beams and Their Applications (page 309)
- This leaves two strategies to increase the current in a positron beam. First is to provide a stronger positron source and second is to develop a more efficient method to moderate the source positrons into a monoenergetic beam.
- To moderate stiff minds disposed to strive.
- (intransitive) To become less excessive
- (transitive) To preside over (something) as a moderator
- to moderate a synod
- (intransitive) To act as a moderator; to assist in bringing to compromise
- (transitive, physics) To supply with a moderator (substance that decreases the speed of neutrons in a nuclear reactor and hence increases likelihood of fission).
- a graphite-moderated reactor
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- moderate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- moderate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- inflection of :
- inflection of :
- feminine plural of
- moderate in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- moderate in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers