mediocris

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From medius and maybe ocris (rugged mountain), as if "halfway up".[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mediocris (neuter mediocre, comparative mediocrior, superlative medioximus, adverb mediocriter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. middling, moderate, medium
  2. tolerable, ordinary, normal
  3. mediocre, indifferent

Declension[edit]

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative mediocris mediocre mediocrēs mediocria
Genitive mediocris mediocrium
Dative mediocrī mediocribus
Accusative mediocrem mediocre mediocrēs
mediocrīs
mediocria
Ablative mediocrī mediocribus
Vocative mediocris mediocre mediocrēs mediocria

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: mediocre
  • Portuguese: medíocre
  • Spanish: mediocre

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 21
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ocris”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 424
  • mediocris in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mediocris in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mediocris in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • mediocris in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to adopt half-measures: mediocribus consiliis uti
    • a deep, high, thin, moderate voice: vox gravis, acuta, parva, mediocris