segnis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. An adjective in *-ni reflecting possibly Proto-Indo-European *sek- ‎(to coagulate, dry out) or *seh₁k- ‎(to arrive), but with semantic problems. Cognates would then include Ancient Greek ἦκα ‎(êka, slightly, slowly, a little) and ἥσσων ‎(hḗssōn, inferior, weaker, smaller).

Otherwise, if not related to Ancient Greek words, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *seg- ‎(to stick, adhere), with acceptable semantic shift from "sticky" to "inert". In both cases the long vowel possibly reflects an original root noun, or otherwise remains unexplainable.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sēgnis m, f ‎(neuter sēgne); third declension

  1. slow, tardy, torpid, inactive, unenergetic, lazy

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative sēgnis sēgne sēgnēs sēgnia
genitive sēgnis sēgnium
dative sēgnī sēgnibus
accusative sēgnem sēgne sēgnēs sēgnia
ablative sēgnī sēgnibus
vocative sēgnis sēgne sēgnēs sēgnia

References[edit]