vivus

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Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Verb[edit]

vivus

  1. conditional of vivi

Ido[edit]

Verb[edit]

vivus

  1. conditional of vivar

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *gʷīwos, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive), from *gʷeyh₃- (to live) + *-wós (whence Latin -vus).Cognate with Sanskrit जीव (jīva), Gothic 𐌵𐌹𐌿𐍃 (qius) and Ancient Greek βίος (bíos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vīvus (feminine vīva, neuter vīvum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. alive, living
    Antonyms: dēfūnctus, mortuus
  2. native, genuine, in the natural state
  3. bright, lit, burning, kindled
  4. (of the river) current
  5. durable, lasting, persistent
  6. lively, ardent
    Synonyms: strēnuus, impiger, laetus, alacer, ācer
    Antonyms: trīstis, frāctus, sēgnis, dēses

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative vīvus vīva vīvum vīvī vīvae vīva
Genitive vīvī vīvae vīvī vīvōrum vīvārum vīvōrum
Dative vīvō vīvō vīvīs
Accusative vīvum vīvam vīvum vīvōs vīvās vīva
Ablative vīvō vīvā vīvō vīvīs
Vocative vīve vīva vīvum vīvī vīvae vīva

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • vivus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vivus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vivus in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2022) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • vivus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • vivus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • running water: aqua viva, profluens (opp. stagnum)
    • (ambiguous) to take a person alive: capere aliquem vivum
    • (ambiguous) I do not take that too strictly: non id ad vivum reseco (Lael. 5. 8)