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From Proto-Indo-European *tréystis (note that this root is only found in Latin and Germanic languages).



trīstis (neuter trīste); third declension

  1. sad, unhappy, melancholy, morose
  2. sorrowful, mournful
  3. (of taste) disagreeable, harsh, bitter
  4. (of smell) foul, offensive


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative trīstis trīste trīstēs trīstia
genitive trīstis trīstium
dative trīstī trīstibus
accusative trīstem trīste trīstēs trīstia
ablative trīstī trīstibus
vocative trīstis trīste trīstēs trīstia

Derived terms[edit]



  • tristis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tristis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “tristis”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • tristis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) an evil omen; presage of ill: omen infaustum, triste