좋다

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Jeju[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Korean 좋다 (jota).

Adjective[edit]

좋다 (johta)

  1. to be good
  2. to be amiable

Verb[edit]

좋다 (johta)

  1. to recover

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 둏〯다〮 (Yale: tyǒhtá). Also attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean 됴〯ᄒᆞ다〮 (Yale: tyǒ-hòtá).

됴〯ᄒᆞ다〮 appears to be the older form,[1] cf. 만ᄒᆞ다 (Yale: man-hota) > 많다 (manta), ᄀᆞᆮᄒᆞ다 (Yale: kot-hota) > 같다 (gatda). This is a compound of the unknown element 됴〯 (Yale: tyǒ), potentially a Chinese character that underwent semantic nativisation given that this syllable does not occur in any other native Middle Korean word, and the adjective-deriving light verb ᄒᆞ다〮 (Yale: hòtá), modern 하다 (hada).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈt͡ɕo̞(ː)tʰa̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jota
Revised Romanization (translit.)?johda
McCune–Reischauer?chot'a
Yale Romanization?cōhta

Adjective[edit]

좋다 (jota) (infinitive 좋아, sequential 좋으니)

  1. to be good; great; excellent (Excellent and satisfactory in features and content.)
    그거 좋은 생각입니다.
    Geugeo joeun saenggagimnida.
    Oh! That sounds good.
    그리고, 오늘 어떻습니까? 아주 좋아요, 감사합니다. 마크.
    Geurigo, oneul eotteoseumnikka? aju joayo, gamsahamnida. Makeu.
    And how are you today? - Very well thank you Mark.
    오늘 오후들러요. — 좋아요.
    Oneul ohue deulleoyo. joayo.
    Come by this afternoon. — Okay.
    Original English texts from 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
  2. good; nice (Well-rounded and kind in personality.)
  3. good; kind (Kind and gentle in the way one speaks and acts.)
  4. good (Above average in physical condition or health.)
  5. having a lot of nerve (Not caring about saving face or being shameless.)
  6. nice (Sunny and clear.)
  7. enough; sufficient (Enough or sufficient.)
  8. good (Having a lot of hair in good condition.)
  9. good; right ((for a day or opportunity to be) Appropriate.)
  10. fond of; in love with (Happy about and satisfied with a thing or object.)
    좋으시면 그걸로 예약해 드릴 있습니다.
    Joeusimyeon geugeollo yeyakhae deuril su itseumnida.
    I can book you for them if you like.
    아파트구나! 좋아!
    Sae apateuro watguna! Joa!
    I am in my new apartment! Great!
    2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
  11. to be preferable, likeable
    축구보다 농구 좋구나.
    Nan chukguboda nongguga deo jokuna.
    I like basketball more than football. (literally, "To me basketball is preferable to football.")
  12. good (Having a feeling, etc., of happiness and satisfaction.)
    한국말 했으면 좋겠다.
    Han-gungmareul deo jal haesseumyeon joketda.
    It would be nice if I spoke Korean better.
  13. happy; okay (Having no problems with behavior, work, etc.)
  14. good; easy; convenient (Easy or convenient to do something.)
  15. good (Having qualities that are good for the body or health.)
    아침일찍 일어나는 건강좋다.
    Achime iljjik ireonaneun geoseun geon-gang-e jota.
    Getting up early in the morning is good for one's health.
  16. better (Higher in quality or level compared to others.)
  17. good (Close and friendly with each other.)
  18. favorable; positive (Interpreting something in a way that is favorable to one side.)
  19. good; nice (The word used to express negation of, dissatisfaction with, a situation which has just been mentioned.)
  20. suitable; fit (Appropriate for using as a material or doing something.)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ()()() (1999) , “'둏다' 구문에 대한 통시적 연구 [A diachronic study of the tyoh-ta construction]”, in Jindan hakbo, volume 87, pages 71—126