enough

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English ynogh, from Old English ġenōg (enough), from Proto-Germanic *ganōgaz (enough) (compare Scots eneuch, West Frisian genôch, Dutch genoeg, German genug, Low German noog, Danish nok, Swedish nog, Icelandic nógur), from *ganuganą 'to suffice' (compare Old English ġeneah), or from *ga- + an unattested *nōgaz, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₂nó(n)ḱe (he has reached, attained), perfective of *h₂neḱ- (to reach) (compare Old Irish tánaic (he arrived), Latin nancisci (to get), Lithuanian nèšti (to carry), Albanian kënaq (to please, satisfy), Ancient Greek ἐνεγκεῖν (enenkeîn, to carry).).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈnʌf/, /iˈnʌf/, /əˈnʌf/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌf
  • Hyphenation: e‧nough

Determiner[edit]

enough

  1. Sufficient; all that is required, needed, or appropriate.
    I've already had enough coffee today.
    There is food enough for us all (old-fashioned) .

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

enough

  1. Sufficiently.
    I cannot run fast enough to catch up to them.
    Are you man enough to fight me?
    You've worked enough; rest for a bit.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 5, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Of all the queer collections of humans outside of a crazy asylum, it seemed to me this sanitarium was the cup winner. […] When you're well enough off so's you don't have to fret about anything but your heft or your diseases you begin to get queer, I suppose.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 16, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The preposterous altruism too! [] Resist not evil. It is an insane immolation of self—as bad intrinsically as fakirs stabbing themselves or anchorites warping their spines in caves scarcely large enough for a fair-sized dog.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 15, in The China Governess[1]:
      ‘No,’ said Luke, grinning at her. ‘You're not dull enough! […] What about the kid's clothes? I don't suppose they were anything to write home about, but didn't you keep anything? A bootee or a bit of embroidery or anything at all?’
  2. Fully; quite; used after adjectives to express slight augmentation of the positive degree, and sometimes equivalent to very.
    He is ready enough to accept the offer.
  3. Used after certain adverbs to emphasise that a quality is notable, unexpected, etc.
    Talking of Mr Smith, funnily enough, I saw him just the other day.
    I left my camera on the train, but luckily enough someone handed it in to lost property.

Usage notes[edit]

  • As an adverb, in modern English, enough almost always follows the verb, adjective or adverb that it qualifies. In older language, cases where it precedes the modified word, e.g. "He was enough satisfied" or "I was not enough recompensed", may be seen.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

enough

  1. A sufficient or adequate number, amount, etc.
    I have enough (of it) to keep me going.
    Enough of you are here to begin the class.
    Get some more plates. There aren’t enough yet.
    Not enough is known yet about the causes of the pandemic.

Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

enough!

  1. Stop! Don't do that any more!
    I'm sick of you complaining! Enough!

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

enough (plural enoughs)

  1. (rare, chiefly in the plural) An instance of being sufficient, or of doing something sufficiently.
    • 1909, Edwin Balmer, Waylaid by Wireless: A Suspicion, a Warning, a Sporting Proposition, and a Transatlantic Pursuit, page 29:
      And she was neither beautiful nor handsome, but just at the point halfway between which a girl of twenty-three reaches who inherits good features and healthful figure, and who has learned to dance well, ride well, study enough, golf enough, and has attained the thousand other "well and enoughs" which include talking well and listening enough, and allow a woman to be liked and loved with so little consciousness that she never suspects she is particularly liked at all.