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Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle Irish doíthin.



dóthain f (genitive singular dóthain)


dóthain m (genitive singular dóthana)

  1. enough, sufficiency
    Tá mo dhóthain agam.
    I have enough.
    An bhfuil do dhóthain bainne ann?
    Is there enough milk for you?

Usage notes[edit]

This noun is generally modified by a possessive determiner indicating the person who the sufficiency is for: mo dhóthain (enough for me), do dhóthain (enough for you), a dóthain (enough for her), etc., even when the “for me” etc. is not expressed in English.

In certain idiomatic expressions, this noun can be modified by a number, but this number is not to be taken literally:

  • Tá a dhá dhóthain le déanamh aige.
    He has his hands full (literally, He has his two sufficiencies to do).
  • Tá a seacht ndóthain le rá acu.
    They talk far too much (literally, They have their seven sufficiencies to say).


Variant declension:

Derived terms[edit]


Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dóthain dhóthain ndóthain
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  • doíthin” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “dóthain” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 2nd ed., 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "dóthain" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.