止める

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See also: 止まる

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "止める"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
止める める [tòmérú]
Imperative (命令形) 止めろ めろ [tòméró]
Key constructions
Passive 止められる められる [tòmérárérú]
Causative 止めさせる めさせる [tòmésásérú]
Potential 止められる められる [tòmérárérú]
Volitional 止めよう めよ [tòméyóꜜò]
Negative 止めない めない [tòménáí]
Negative perfective 止めなかった めなかった [tòménáꜜkàttà]
Formal 止めます めま [tòmémáꜜsù]
Perfective 止めた めた [tòmétá]
Conjunctive 止めて めて [tòmété]
Hypothetical conditional 止めれば めれ [tòméréꜜbà]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

()める (tomerutransitive ichidan (stem () (tome), past ()めた (tometa))

Japanese verb pair
active ()める
mediopassive ()まる
  1. to stop
    (くるま)()める
    kuruma o tomeru
    to stop one's car
    攻撃(こうげき)()めない
    kōgeki o tomenai
    to not stop one's attacks
    自動(じどう)更新(こうしん)()める
    jidō kōshin o tomeru
    to stop an update
  2. to focus on
  3. to bear in mind
  4. to set in place
  5. to park
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *yama-. Cognate with Okinawan 止みゆん (やみゆん, yamiyun).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "止める"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
止める める [yàmérú]
Imperative (命令形) 止めろ めろ [yàméró]
Key constructions
Passive 止められる められる [yàmérárérú]
Causative 止めさせる めさせる [yàmésásérú]
Potential 止められる められる [yàmérárérú]
Volitional 止めよう めよ [yàméyóꜜò]
Negative 止めない めない [yàménáí]
Negative perfective 止めなかった めなかった [yàménáꜜkàttà]
Formal 止めます めま [yàmémáꜜsù]
Perfective 止めた めた [yàmétá]
Conjunctive 止めて めて [yàmété]
Hypothetical conditional 止めれば めれ [yàméréꜜbà]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

()める (yamerutransitive ichidan (stem () (yame), past ()めた (yameta))

Japanese verb pair
active ()める
mediopassive ()
  1. to stop, to terminate, to cease, to discontinue, to quit
    タバコ()める大変(たいへん)です
    Tabako o yameru no wa taihen desu.
    Quitting smoking is difficult.
    やめろ。/やめてください
    Yamero. / Yamete kudasai.
    Stop it. (command) / Stop it. (command, polite)
    仕事(しごと)()める
    shigoto o yameru
    to quit one's job
  2. to abolish, to do away with
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Usually written in hiragana, as やめる.
  • For the sense "to quit a job", use the homonym "辞める".
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(とど)める (todomerutransitive ichidan (stem (とど) (todome), past (とど)めた (todometa))

Japanese verb pair
active (とど)める
mediopassive (とど)まる
  1. Alternative form of 留める
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō