払う

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
はら
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
拂う (kyūjitai)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "払う"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
払う [hàráꜜù]
Imperative (命令形) 払え [hàráꜜè]
Key constructions
Passive 払われる らわれ [hàráwáréꜜrù]
Causative 払わせる らわせ [hàráwáséꜜrù]
Potential 払える らえ [hàráéꜜrù]
Volitional 払おう らお [hàráóꜜò]
Negative 払わない らわない [hàráwáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 払わなかった らわなかった [hàráwáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 払います らいま [hàráímáꜜsù]
Perfective 払った った [hàráꜜttà]
Conjunctive 払って って [hàráꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 払えば えば [hàráꜜèbà]

(western dialects or literary variant)

Verb[edit]

(はら) (harauはらふ (farafu)? transitive godan (stem (はら) (harai), past (はら)った (haratta), kyūjitai 拂う)

  1. to drive away, to get rid of
    • ()(はえ)(はら)
      te de hae o harau
      to whisk flies off
    • 蜘蛛(くも)()(はら)
      kumo no su o harau
      to remove spiderwebs
    • ほこりを(はら)
      hokori o harau
      to get rid of the dust
  2. to give away, to pay
    • 給料(きゅうりょう)(はら)
      kyūryō o harau
      to pay salary
    • 犠牲(ぎせい)(はら)
      gisei o harau
      to make a sacrifice
  3. to empty
    • 部屋(へや)(はら)
      heya o harau
      to clear out the room

Conjugation[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN