烏龍

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See also: 乌龙

Chinese[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

black dragon
trad. (烏龍)
simp. (乌龙)
"unexpected mistake; muddled"
Originally Cantonese. Probably from the 1940s manga 《烏龍王》 by Chinese cartoonist Louie Yu Tin, whose eponymous protagonist was a muddle-headed character.
Common folk etymologies attribute the word to English wrong, or own (as in own goal).

Noun[edit]

烏龍

  1. (literally) black dragon
  2. (figuratively, literary) dogs in general
  3. (figuratively, literary, obsolete) horse
  4. (figuratively, colloquial) unexpected mistake; mishap
  5. (~茶) oolong (tea)
  6. (Taiwanese Hokkien) black cricket
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 蟋蟀 (“cricket”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 蟋蟀, 促織, 蜻蛚, 蝍蛆, , 吟蛩, 秋蛩, 懶婦
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蟋蟀
Taxonomic name 蟋蟀
Mandarin Beijing 蛐蛐兒
Taiwan 蟋蟀
Tianjin 蛐蛐兒
Harbin 蛐蛐兒
Shenyang 蛐蛐兒
Hailar 蛐蛐
Ulanhot 蛐蛐
Tongliao 蛐蛐
Chifeng 蛐蛐兒
Bayanhot 蟋蟀
Jinan 蛐兒蛐兒
Muping 蛐蛐子
Luoyang 蛐蛐
Wanrong 臭吱吱
Xi'an 蛐蛐兒
Qingdao 土蚱兒
Zhengzhou 促促兒
Xining 秋蟬兒, 蛐蛐
Xuzhou 蛐兒蛐兒
Yinchuan 黑油麥蚱, 蛐蛐
Lanzhou 蛐蛐, 錯翅子
Wuhan 蛐蛐
Chengdu 叫雞子, 叫雞雞, 蛐蛐兒
Guiyang 蛐蛐
Liuzhou 蛐蛐
Kunming 蛐蛐兒
Yangzhou 蛐蛐子
Nanjing 蛐織
Hefei 蛐蛐, 蛐蛐子
Nantong 蛐蛐
Cantonese Guangzhou 織蟀,
Hong Kong 蟋蟀
Foshan 織蟀
Shunde
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 織蟀
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 蟋蟀
Taishan 蟋蟀
Kaiping (Chikan) 蟋蟀
Dongguan 子蟀
Shaoguan 織蟀
Yunfu 促蟀
Yangjiang 促蟀
Xinyi 促織
Lianjiang 織蟀
Gan Nanchang 蛐蛐
Lichuan 蟋蟀
Pingxiang 蟋蟀, 蟋蟀仔
Hakka Meixian 蟋蟀仔
Xingning 土唧哩
Huidong (Daling) 草唧
Qujiang 草雞子
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 草唧
Changting 草唧
Pingyu 草唧子
Wuping 草唧子
Liancheng 草唧
Ninghua 草虻
Yudu 蟋蟀子
Ruijin 山灶雞
Shicheng 山灶雞子
Shangyou 蟋蟀
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 土狗仔, 草唧仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 土狗仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 土狗仔, 草唧仔
Dongshi (Dabu) 土狗, 草唧
Hsinchu (Raoping) 土狗仔, 草唧仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 土狗
Huizhou Jixi 織織
Jin Taiyuan 蛐蛐
Xinzhou 黑色兒
Baochang 蟋蟀
Jining 秋鈴兒
Hohhot 蛐蛐
Baotou 秋鈴兒
Dongsheng 秋蟬兒
Linhe 秋翅兒
Haibowan 蟋蟀
Min Bei Jian'ou 蟋蟀
Min Dong Fuzhou 蟋蟀
Fuqing 壁蟀
Gutian 蟣立
Min Nan Xiamen 蟋蟀
Zhangzhou 記蟀
Taipei 杜猴, 蟋蟀, 蟋蟀仔
Kaohsiung 杜伯仔, 杜猴
Tainan 杜伯仔, 蟋蟀, 蟋蟀仔
Taichung 杜猴, 蟋蟀仔
Wuqi 灶雞仔
Hsinchu 杜猴
Taitung 烏龍仔
Lukang 杜猴, 蟋蟀, 烏龍
Sanxia 杜猴
Yilan 杜猴
Kinmen 杜猴, 蟋蟀
Magong 杜猴, 烏龍, 赤蜣, 蟋蟀
Penang cengkerik
Chaozhou 蟋蟀
Puxian Min Putian 蝍蛛
Xianyou 蝍蛛
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 勝勝, 土狗
Wu Shanghai 蹔𧉆
Suzhou 蹔𧉆
Hangzhou 蛐蛐兒
Wenzhou 蟋蟀
Chongming 蹔𧉆
Danyang 治治
Jinhua 蟋蟀兒
Ningbo 蹔𧉆, 丁獅子
Xiang Changsha 蛐蛐
Shuangfeng 蟋蟀
Xiangtan 蟋蟋
Loudi 蟋蟀子
Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

烏龍

  1. (chiefly Cantonese) muddled; absent-minded; silly
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

烏龍

  1. () Wulong (a township in Wuxi, Chongqing, China)
  2. Name of a loyal dog owned by Jin-dynasty Zhang Ran.

Etymology 2[edit]

phonetic
trad. (烏龍)
simp. (乌龙)

Borrowed from Japanese 饂飩 (うどん) (udon), in turn from Chinese 餛飩 (“wonton”).

Noun[edit]

烏龍

  1. (~麵) (chiefly Taiwan) udon (noodle)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]