wo

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

wo

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Wolof.

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Variant of who.

Interjection[edit]

wo

  1. A falconer's call to a hawk.
  2. A call to cause a horse to slow down or stop; whoa.

Etymology 2[edit]

Variant of woe.

Noun[edit]

wo (countable and uncountable, plural wos)

  1. Obsolete spelling of woe
    • 1815, Philip Freneau, A collection of poems, on American affairs and a variety of other subjects, page 82[1]:
      Such feeble arms, to work internal wo!
    • 1809, Hannah More, Coelebs in Search of a Wife
      But if there was a competition between a sick family and a new broach, the broach was sure to carry the day. This would not have been the case, had they been habituated to visit themselves the abodes of penury and wo.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English wough, woh, wouh, from Old English wāh, wāg (a wall, partition), from Proto-Germanic *waigaz (wall), from Proto-Indo-European *weyk- (to bend, twist). Cognate with Scots wauch, vauch.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • waw (Northern England, Scotland)
  • waugh (Scotland)

Noun[edit]

wo (plural wos)

  1. (Northern England, Derbyshire, dialectal) A wall.
    • 1859, Thomas Moore, The Song of Solomon in the Durham Dialect, ii. 9:
      He stands ahint our wo.
    • 1871, Benjamin Brierly, Weaver of Wellbrook, in Folk-song and Folk-speech of Lancashire (ed. William-Edward-Armitage Axon), page 53:
      Yo may turn up yor noses at me an' th' owd dame,
      An thrutch us like dogs agen th' wo :
      Bo as lung 's aw con nayger, aw'll ne'er be a beggar,
      So aw care no a cuss for yo o-o'.
    • 1880, Thomas Clarke, Specimens of the Dialect of Westmorland, page 41:
      [] thinkan it ran at him, thrast him up again t' wo, ramm't at him, []
    • 1884, Jack Robison, Aald Tales ower Agen, 4:
      Plantit up agen t'wo
    • 1936, G. Halstead Whittaker, A Lancashire Garland of Dialect Prose and Verse, page 221:
      Hoo's pluck of a lion an' faces her foe
      Wi' calm in her e'en an' her beck agen t' wo;
      Hoo's firm i' decision, stonds up for her reets
      An' bravely withstonds o' t' misfortins hoo meets.

Verb[edit]

wo

  1. (Northern England, dialectal, possibly obsolete) To wall (to build a wall, or build a wall around).
    • 1871, John Richardson, "Cummerland Talk": Being Short Tales and Rhymes, page 101:
      [] “Theer was anudder time, teu, 'at I saw t Park Boggle, in anudder form; bit I wassent seah nart that time, as I was when I'd been fetchen t hogs. I'd been wo-en a gap 'at hed fawn ower o' tudder side o' to Park; []
    • 1880, Thomas Clarke, Specimens of the Dialect of Westmorland, page 2:
      It's a varra lang while—a caant tell ya hoo lang—sen it wes bilt, lang afooar Borradal fooak woet kucku in, er t' first cooach ran throo Dent, []

Anagrams[edit]


Acehnese[edit]

Verb[edit]

wo

  1. to go home

References[edit]


Akan[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

wo

  1. thou, you (singular)

Dongxiang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Bonan wa, perhaps from Proto-Mongolic *bü- (to be), see Mongolian бий (bii).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wo (defective, copulative)

  1. to be
    1. existential copula
      Eqie guanjinde nie sizi wo, nie basi wo.
      Once upon a time there was a lion and a tiger.
    2. equitive copula
      Bi shi er dui nie bawan, yi dui bawan shi jiu Rejie wo, san dui bawan shi nie halao Remi wo.
      I was the bigshot of the second team, the bigshot of the first team was Rejie and the bigshot of the third team was one ugly Remi.
    3. adjectival copula
      Ene shihoude sumulase hunnerei wo dei.
      If I think [about it] now, it's funny.
  2. in possessive constructions with the possessor in dative
    Ene ghualade nie ghoni wo.
    These two had a sheep.
  3. (after -zhi) forming the progressive tense
    Bi ene agvinni nanbangiede nie jian wafande sauzhi wo.
    I live [am living] in a one bedroom house at the south of the village.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Usually combined with the Chinese copula shi which is placed between two terms while wo follows the second. Either of them or even both can be omitted but both being present is usually the most common setup.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ewe[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

wo

  1. them
  2. they

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

With a widespread dialectal shift from -ā- to -ō-, from Middle High German , wār, from Old High German wār, hwār, from Proto-Germanic *hwēr, *hwar. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kʷis, whence also wer. Cognate with English where.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /voː/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -oː

Adverb[edit]

wo

  1. (interrogative) where (at what place)
    Wo bist du?
    Where are you?
  2. (relative) where (at or in which place or situation)
    Ich kenne einen Laden, wo solche Sachen verkauft werden.
    I know a shop where such things are sold.
  3. (relative, somewhat informal) when, that (on which; at which time)
    Das war der Tag, wo wir uns kennen gelernt haben.
    That was the day when we got to know each other.
  4. (indefinite, colloquial) somewhere (in or to an uncertain or unspecified location)
    Synonym: irgendwo
    Ich wär gern wo, wo's wärmer ist.
    I'd like to be somewhere where it's warmer.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The temporal use of wo (meaning “when”) is sometimes frowned upon in formal standard German. There is a tendency to use a preposition + relative pronoun instead: Das war der Tag, an dem wir uns kennen gelernt haben. (“That was the day on which we got to know each other.”) Nevertheless, this usage is very common in spoken German and is also widely acceptable in writing, particularly after adverbs, where the only alternative would be the archaic da: Jetzt, wo ich es weiß, wird mir alles klar. (“Now that I know, it all becomes clear to me.”) Compare French (where), the temporal use of which is perfectly standard.

Conjunction[edit]

wo

  1. (colloquial) when
    Synonym: als
    Wo ich mich umgedreht hab, haut der mir unvermittelt eine rein.
    When I turned around, he just abruptly punched me in the face.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This usage is exclusively colloquial and would be considered inappropriate in a formal text.

Pronoun[edit]

wo

  1. (relative, dialectal, nonstandard) who, whom, which, that
    Ich bin der, wo das kann.
    I'm the one who can do that.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This use is restricted to dialectally influenced vernaculars (Regiolekte) and chiefly to Alemannic areas (Switzerland and south-western Germany). In other regions, this usage is unusual, and scorned by some.

Related terms[edit]


German Low German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German (how), from Old Saxon [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *hwō. Cognate with English how, German wie, Dutch hoe.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (in some dialects) IPA(key): /vɔu̯/
  • (traditional) IPA(key): [wɔʊ̯]

Adverb[edit]

wo

  1. how
    Wo vele Daag?
    How many days?

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Saxon hwē, from Proto-Germanic *hwaz. Compare English who, whom, whose.

Pronoun[edit]

wo

  1. (Low Prussian, relative) who, which
    (Low Prussian)
    Dat, wo ös...that which is...
Usage notes[edit]

The dative form (also used for the accusative) is woom (wom); the genitive form is woos (wos).


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French haut (high).

Adjective[edit]

wo

  1. high
  2. tall

Adverb[edit]

wo

  1. high

Related terms[edit]


Hunsrik[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German , wār, from Old High German wār, hwār, from Proto-West Germanic *hwār, from Proto-Germanic *hwēr, *hwar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

wo

  1. (interrogative) where
    Wo bist-du?
    Where are you.
  2. (relative) where
    Ich waarte dich, wo mein Fatter wohnd.
    I will wait for you where my father lives.
  3. (relative) when
    In denne Zeid, wo alles deirer waar.
    In those times when everything was more expensive.

Pronoun[edit]

wo

  1. (relative) who
    De Mann, wost-du sihst, is mein Fatter.
    The man you see is my father.
    Die Fraa, wo uns gerufd hod, siehd aarich bees aus.
    The woman who called us seems pretty angry.

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

wo

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of
  3. Rōmaji transcription of うぉ
  4. Rōmaji transcription of ウォ

Lashi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r/g-wa. Cognate to Burmese ရွာ (rwa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wo

  1. village

References[edit]

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[2], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

wo

  1. Superseded spelling of .

Luxembourgish[edit]

Verb[edit]

wo

  1. second-person singular imperative of woen

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

wo (Zhuyin ˙ㄨㄛ)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Maquiritari[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wo (possessed wodü)

  1. great-grandfather
  2. father-in-law (of a woman)
  3. mother’s brother, maternal uncle
  4. father’s sister’s husband

Usage notes[edit]

This noun has a suppletive first-person possessed form, yawo.

References[edit]

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “wo”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon
  • Hall, Katherine Lee (1988), “wo:dü”, in The morphosyntax of discourse in De'kwana Carib, volume I and II, Saint Louis, Missouri: PhD Thesis, Washington University
  • Hall, Katherine (2007), “wōdɨ”, in Mary Ritchie Key & Bernard Comrie, editors, The Intercontinental Dictionary Series[3], Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, published 2021
  • Monterrey, Nalúa Rosa Silva (2012) Hombres de curiara y mujeres de conuco. Etnografía de los indigenas Ye’kwana de Venezuela, Ciudad Bolívar: Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guayana, page 62–65, 69, 73

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

wo

  1. Alternative form of who (who, nominative)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

wo (plural wos)

  1. Alternative form of woo

Saterland Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian , from Proto-West Germanic [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *hwō. Cognates include West Frisian hoe and Dutch hoe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

wo

  1. how?
    Wo dääst du dät?How do you do that?
  2. how
    Iek weet wo du dät dääst!I know how you do that.

References[edit]

  • Marron C. Fort (2015), “wo”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN

Xhosa[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-wo

  1. Combining stem of wona.

Zulu[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-wo

  1. Combining stem of wona.