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U+9ED4, 黔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9ED4

[U+9ED3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9ED5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 203 +4, 16 strokes, cangjie input 田火人戈弓 (WFOIN), four-corner 68327, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1519, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48056
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2052, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4744, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+9ED4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
黔-bigseal.svg 黔-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
*qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*qɯːm, *qaːb
*qɯːm, *qrɯːms
*krɯːm
*qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
*qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*nɯːms
*sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
*sɢrɯm
*sɡrɯm
*sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
*sɡrɯm
*ɡjɯms
*krɯm
*krɯm
*krɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯmʔ
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
*qrɯms
*qrɯms
*ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khiâm - literary;
  • khâm - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (30) (30)
Final () (140) (154)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪm/ /ɡˠiᴇm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚim/ /ɡᵚiɛm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiem/ /ɡiæm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjim/ /gjiam/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəm/ /ɡjɛm/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕm/ /ɡĭɛm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əm/ /gi̯ɛm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín qián
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qián
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjem ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)[o]m/
English black

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6580 6606
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡram/ /*ɡrɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. black
  2. () Name of a prefecture in ancient China now located in Chongqing and Guizhou.
  3. Short for 貴州贵州 (Guìzhōu, “Guizhou”).

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“black”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geom, geum) (hangeul , , revised geom, geum, McCune-Reischauer kŏm, kŭm, Yale kem, kum)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiềm)

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