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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 203 +4, 16 strokes, cangjie input 田火人戈弓 (WFOIN), four-corner 68327)

  1. black
  2. Guizhou

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1519, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48056
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2052, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4744, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+9ED4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (30) (30)
Final () (140) (154)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪm/ /ɡˠiᴇm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚim/ /ɡᵚiɛm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiem/ /ɡiæm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjim/ /gjiam/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəm/ /ɡjɛm/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕm/ /ɡĭɛm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əm/ /gi̯ɛm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín qián
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qián
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjem ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)[o]m/
English black

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6580 6606
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡram/ /*ɡrɯm/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geom, geum) (hangeul , , revised geom, geum, McCune-Reischauer kŏm, kŭm, Yale kem, kum)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiềm)

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