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See also:
U+7D3A, 紺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D3A

[U+7D39]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D3B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 女火廿一 (VFTM), four-corner 24970, composition)

  1. dark blue or reddish color

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 920, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27362
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1352, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3378, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+7D3A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
紺-seal.svg 紺-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯːms): semantic (silk; thread) + phonetic (OC *kaːm).

Etymology 1[edit]

An area word. Compare Proto-Tai *klamᴮ (dark (red)) (whence Thai คล้ำ (klám, dark)), Proto-Austronesian *kelam (dark) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʌmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɒmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəmH/
Li
Rong
/kᴀmH/
Wang
Li
/kɒmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kămH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3649
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯːms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. purple; violet; blackish red

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese (kon).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Taiwanese Hokkien) navy blue; dark blue

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: こん (kon, Jōyō)
  • Kan-on: かん (kan)

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: S
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こん) (kon

  1. navy blue, dark blue

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kʌmH). Recorded as Middle Korean 감〯 (Yale: kam) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 감색 (gamsaek gam))

  1. Hanja form? of (navy blue; dark blue).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cám, tim, tím)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.