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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 164 +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一田廿一 (MWTM), four-corner 14670)

  1. rapturous, rapturously, soundly and comfortably
  2. (in connection with the drinking of alcohol) intoxicated, tipsy, drunk
  3. enjoying intoxicants

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1282, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39825
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1782, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3577, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9163

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xan⁵⁵/
Harbin /xan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xan²¹/
Jinan /xã²¹³/
Qingdao /xã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xan²⁴/
Xi'an /xã²¹/
Xining /xã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /xan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xan⁵⁵/
Kunming /xã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /xaŋ³¹/
Hefei /xæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /xæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /hø⁵³/
Suzhou /hø⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /hẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /hø³³/
Hui Shexian /xɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /xan³³/
Xiangtan /han³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan /t͡sʰiɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐm²¹/
Nanning /hɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /hɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ham³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /haŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xaŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ham³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kam²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final: (143)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦɑm/ /ɦɑm/ /ɣɑm/ /ɦam/ /ɣɑm/ /ɣɑm/ /ɣɑm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hān ‹ ham › /*[ɡ]ˤam/ half-drunk

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3659 1 /*ɢaːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geom) (hangeul , revised geom, McCune-Reischauer kŏm, Yale kem)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hàm, ham)