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U+9257, 鉗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9257

[U+9256]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9258]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 金廿一 (CTM), four-corner 84170, composition)

  1. pincers, pliers, tongs

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1301, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40306
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1803, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4182, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9257

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
鉗-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːms
*mɡaːm
*sɡaːmʔ, *kʰraːm
*kaːm
*kaːm
*kaːm
*kaːm
*kaːm, *kʰaːm
*ɢaːm, *ɢaːm
*ɢaːm
*ɢaːm
*ɢaːm
*ɡaːm, *ɡaːm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khiâm - literary;
  • khîⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (154)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiᴇm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚiɛm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiæm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjiam/
Li
Rong
/ɡjɛm/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭɛm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ɛm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qián
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qián
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjem ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.[ɡ]<r>[e]m/
English pincers, tongs

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3665
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡram/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. a claw of a crustacean
  2. to grab with a plier or a crustacean claw

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeom) (hangeul , revised gyeom, McCune-Reischauer kyŏm, Yale kyem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.