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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
甘-order.gif
Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
甘-oracle.svg 甘-bronze.svg 甘-bigseal.svg 甘-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 99 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 廿一 (TM), four-corner 44770)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 753, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21643
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1161, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2413, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7518

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (143)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑm/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑm/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kam/
Li
Rong
/kɑm/
Wang
Li
/kɑm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kam ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤ[a]m/
English sweet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3652
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sweet
      ―  gāntián  ―  sweet
      ―  gānzhè  ―  sugar cane
  2. willingly
      ―  gānxīn  ―  to be willing to
    /   ―  gānyuàn  ―  willingly
  3. A surname​.
  4. Short for 甘肅甘肃 (Gānsù, “Gansu”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. sweet

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune-Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cam)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.