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U+8F38, 輸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8F38

[U+8F37]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8F39]
U+FAC2, 輸
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FAC2

[U+FAC1]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FAC3]
輸 U+2F9DF, 輸
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F9DF
軔
[U+2F9DE]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𨗒
[U+2F9E0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 159, +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 十十人一弓 (JJOMN), four-corner 58021, composition(GHTJV or U+FAC2) or ⿰(K or U+2F9DF))

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1246, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38438
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1723, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3546, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8F38

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms ⿰车入 second round simplified
⿱亼𨊸
⿰車𬾮

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*low, *lo
*l̥ʰoː
*l̥ʰoː, *lo
*l̥ʰoː
*l'oː, *slo
*l'oː, *l'os, *lo
*l'oː, *l'oːʔ, *lu, *lo
*l'oː, *l'oːs, *lo
*l'oː, *lo
*l̥ʰus, *lo
*slo, *hljo, *hljos, *lo
*sro
*hljo, *hljos
*hljo, *lo
*hljos
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo, *los
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo, *loʔ
*lo
*lo
*loʔ
*loʔ
*los
*los

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljo, *hljos): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *l̥ʰus, *lo).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (26) (26)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨo/ /ɕɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕio/ /ɕioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕio/ /ɕioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕuə̆/ /ɕuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɕio/ /ɕioH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭu/ /ɕĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯u/ /ɕi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shū shù
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shū
Middle
Chinese
‹ syu ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥o/
English convey (v.); lose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 15847 15851
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljo/ /*hljos/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to transport; to carry; to haul
    費用 / 费用  ―  yùn shū fèiyòng  ―  transportation cost
  2. to lose; to be beaten; to be defeated
    Synonyms: (bài)
    Antonyms: (yíng)
    一個小孩 / 一个小孩  ―  shū gěi yīge xiǎohái  ―  to lose to a child
    細路 / 细路 [Cantonese]  ―  syu1 bei2 go3 sai3 lou6 [Jyutping]  ―  to lose to a child
  3. (literary) to donate; to contribute
    /   ―  shū chéng  ―  to contribute/express sincerity
    /   ―  shū cái zhù biān  ―  to donate money for border defence
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to transport; to send
  2. to be inferior to

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
kan’yōon

From Middle Chinese (MC ɕɨoH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji yu)

  1. to transport; to send

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune–Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: thâu
: Nôm readings: thâu, thua

  1. Nôm form of thua, “to lose

References[edit]