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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 日弓木竹 (ANDH), four-corner 77247, composition)

  1. shut, close
  2. obstruct, block up

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1330, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41222
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1835, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4283, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9589

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (閉), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 博計切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/peiH/ /pieiH/ /peiH/ /peiH/ /pɛjH/ /pieiH/ /pɛiH/
Character (閉), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 屑
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 方結切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pet̚/ /piet̚/ /pet̚/ /pet̚/ /pɛt̚/ /piet̚/ /pɛt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pejH › /*pˤi[t]-s/ close (v.); obstruct

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
658 1 /*piːds/
660 1 /*piːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. close, shut

Readings[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (to shut, close):

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pye, byeol) (hangeul , , revised pye, byeol, McCune-Reischauer p'ye, pyŏl, Yale phyey, pyel)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bế, bấy, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.