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See also:
U+5077, 偷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5077

[U+5076]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5078]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人人一弓 (OOMN), four-corner 28221, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*low, *lo
*l̥ʰoː
*l̥ʰoː, *lo
*l̥ʰoː
*l'oː, *slo
*l'oː, *l'os, *lo
*l'oː, *l'oːʔ, *lu, *lo
*l'oː, *l'oːs, *lo
*l'oː, *lo
*l̥ʰus, *lo
*slo, *hljo, *hljos, *lo
*sro
*hljo, *hljos
*hljo, *lo
*hljos
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo, *los
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo
*lo, *loʔ
*lo
*lo
*loʔ
*loʔ
*los
*los

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰoː): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *l̥ʰus, *lo).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thio/tho͘ - literary;
  • thau - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰəu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰəu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰəw/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰu/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tōu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tōu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˤo/
    English steal

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15831
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰoː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to steal; to snatch
      我們 / 我们  ―  Wǒmen de qián bèi tōu le.  ―  We had our money stolen.
    2. stealthily; secretly; covertly
        ―  tōukàn  ―  to peek; to peep
      /   ―  tōutīng  ―  to eavesdrop
    3. thief; burglar
        ―  xiǎotōu  ―  thief
    4. to have an extra-marital relationship
        ―  tōuqíng  ―  adultery
        ―  tōuxīng  ―  to have an affair
      /   ―  tōuhàn  ―  to take a lover
    5. to while away without purpose
      /   ―  tōulǎn  ―  to be lazy
        ―  tōushēng  ―  to live without purpose

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (tu) (hangeul , revised tu, McCune–Reischauer t'u)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thầu, du, thâu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]