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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人人一弓 (OOMN), four-corner 28221, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰoː): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *l̥ʰus, *lo).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰəw/
Li
Rong
/tʰu/
Wang
Li
/tʰəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tōu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ thuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤo/
English steal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15831
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰoː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to steal; to snatch
    我們 / 我们  ―  Wǒmen de qián bèi tōu le.  ―  We had our money stolen.
  2. stealthily; secretly; covertly
      ―  tōukàn  ―  to peek; to peep
    /   ―  tōutīng  ―  to eavesdrop
  3. thief; burglar
      ―  xiǎotōu  ―  thief
  4. to have an extra-marital relationship
      ―  tōuqíng  ―  adultery
      ―  tōuxīng  ―  to have an affair
    /   ―  tōuhàn  ―  to take a lover
  5. to while away without purpose
    /   ―  tōulǎn  ―  to be lazy
      ―  tōushēng  ―  to live without purpose

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(tu) (hangeul , revised tu, McCune-Reischauer t'u)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thầu, du, thâu)

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References[edit]