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See also:
U+7A31, 稱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A31

[U+7A30]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A32]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 115, +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹木月土月 (HDBGB), four-corner 22957, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 856, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25180
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1282, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2619, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7A31

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Qin slip script Small seal script
稱-slip.svg 稱-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰjɯŋ, *tʰjɯŋs
*tʰjɯŋ
*tʰjɯŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰjɯŋ, *tʰjɯŋs): semantic  (rice) + phonetic  (OC *tʰjɯŋ) – measure rice.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (24)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰiŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chēng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhing ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰəŋ/
English weigh; evaluate; call

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1402
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰjɯŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to weigh
  2. to call; to name
  3. to say; to state
  4. to praise; to commend
  5. to be called
  6. name; address; appellation; designation
  7. reputation; repute; standing

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • chèng - standard in Taiwan;
  • in Mainland, only in the obsolete sense “steelyard”.
  • Cantonese
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (24)
    Final () (133)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕʰɨŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕʰɨŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕʰieŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cʰiŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕʰiəŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕʰĭəŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕʰi̯əŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chèng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chèng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyhingH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə-tʰəŋ-s/
    English steelyard

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 1405
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰjɯŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to match; to fit
      心如意 / 心如意  ―  chènxīnrúyì  ―  satisfactory
      /   ―  xiàngchèn  ―  to match each other
    2. balanced; suitable
    3. (Mandarin, colloquial) to have (money or properties)
    4. Alternative form of (chèng, “steelyard”).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ching) (hangeul , revised ching, McCune–Reischauer ch'ing, Yale ching)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (xưng, xứng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.