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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中土金水 (NLGCE), four-corner 74247)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1354, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41704
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1857, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4134, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9675

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /liŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ləŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /liŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /liŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /liŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /liŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /liŋ²⁴/
Xining /liə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /liŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /liŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nin²¹³/
Chengdu /nin³¹/
Guiyang /nin²¹/
Kunming /lĩ³¹/
Nanjing /lin²⁴/
Hefei /lin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /liŋ¹³/
/li¹³/ 地名
Hohhot /lĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /liŋ²³/
Suzhou /lin¹³/
Hangzhou /lin²¹³/
Wenzhou /leŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /liʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /lin¹³/
Xiangtan /nin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lin¹¹/
Taoyuan /lin¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /leŋ²¹/
Nanning /leŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /liŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /leiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /leŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /leŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/lieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/liŋ/
Li
Rong
/liəŋ/
Wang
Li
/lĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
líng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
líng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ling ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]əŋ/
English mound, hill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8246
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. mound; mount, hill
  2. gravemound of an emperor

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(reung>neung) (hangeul >, revised reung>neung, McCune-Reischauer rŭng>nŭng, Yale lung>nung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana うどぅん, romaji udun)

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lăng, lăn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.